Warfare and Culture: Chapter 9
LE300: Integrative & Interdisciplinary Learning Capstone James XXXXX
Through investigation of Lee’s, “Warfare and Culture in World History”, Chapter 9, titled “The American Culture of War in the Age of Artificial War (Adrian Lewis), one can learn the transformation of the American culture through a military perspective. This chapter provides readers with an in depth look into the traditional culture of war and how it transforms into a more advanced, refined, futuristic culture. We learn how the psychology, sociology, beliefs, concerns, approaches, and connections to the community are all altered through the change in culture. It is explained that despite the transformations of culture and warfare styles, the country is fighting an artificial war, meaning a limited war due to the “function of culture” (Lee, 2011). This case offers an analysis into the role of American culture during transformations of the advancing technology. To properly gain understanding, a study using the Core Learning Objectives will be utilized. These objectives include: 1. Analyzing history provided in Chapter 9 from its perspective, explaining the relationship it provides on questions, issues, and positions as it relates to the areas of literature, psychology, and sociology. 2. Compare/contrast among history, literature, psychology, in terms of the central concern, values, approaches, and the connection they share with the community. 3. Synthesize diverse perspectives to achieve a multi-academic understanding. 4. Analyze the relationship among academic knowledge, professional work, and the responsibilities of both local and global citizenship. 5. Evaluate multiple viewpoints, methods of investigation and expression, and processes for decision-making in the history, literature, sociology, psychology, and politics regarding war and culture.
The work provided in Chapter 9, provides history of the American culture as it relates to war. This chapter begins by providing a historical look into the traditional culture of the war. It is explained that psychological perspective in this chapter has transformed as time has progressed. The mindset originally was that war was a killing game. Take no prisoners foreign or domestic. War is war, no matter how big or small, rise to the occasion and do whatever a takes to win. This mentality was accompanied by the thoughts that a soldier should be provided with everything and anything that would allow them to prevail in battle. As Faust explains in her work, “Killing is battle’s fundamental instrument and purpose (Faust, 2008)”. The traditional belief was “destruction of the enemy’s army would lead to destruction of its government and occupation of the country” (Lee, 2011). The new role was to be a “global force”, using leadership power to build alliances. Throughout time, the value of the American troops transformed as the allowance of advanced technology strived, diminishing the human component. The advancement of weaponry, including atomic bombs, aircraft missiles, along with rockets and jets, allowed for a lesser need for foot soldiers. The mentality of the military changed not only due to the advancements in technology but also because of the massive loss of men. Like wars before it, the lives of the men in battle was high and the body count was piling high leaving many of those left behind to have physical limitations. Lecture 6 explains how with each war, troops were broken down more and more. By WWII left troops with “combat fatigue” (Peter & Kindsvatter, 2003).
From a sociological perspective, the culture shown is displays that the people of America also had a responsibility. The families of those fighting were to back their soldiers and provide support in any means needed. Other sociological responsibilities were perceived to provide monetary support to the military defense. The culture of war...