Law Principle

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CRIMINAL LAW
EMILY FINCH AND STEFAN FAFINSKI

CRIMINAL LAW
Stefan Fafinski, University of Leeds Emily Finch, University of East Anglia

Table of cases and statutes
Cases
Able [1984] QB 795 Adomako [1995] 1 AC 171 AG for Jersey v. Holley [2005] 3 AU ER 371 A–G for NI v. Gallagher [1963] AC 349 A–G Ref No 3 of 1994 [1998] AC 245 A–G’s Reference (No. 2 of 1983) [1984] QB 456 Ahuwalia [1992] 4 AUER 889 Allen [1985] AC 1029 Allen [1988] Crim LR 698 Anderson and Morris [1996] 2 QB 110 Attorney-General’s Reference (No 1 of 1975) [1975] QB 773 Attorney-General’s Reference (Nos 1 and 2 of 1979) [1980] QB 180 Attorney-General for Jersey v. Holley [2005] 3 All ER 371 Attorney-General’s Reference (No 1 of 1983) QB 182 Aziz [1993] Crim LR 708 Bainbridge [1959] 3 AU ER 200 Becburra (1975) 62 Cr App R 212 Bird [1985] 1 AU ER 513 Beckford [1988] AC 130 Blaue [1975] 1 WLR 1411 Bourne (1952) 36 Cr App R 125 Bowen [1996] 2 Cr App R 157 Bowsher [1973] RTR 202 Bratty v. A–G for NI [1963] AC 386 Broome v. Perkins [1987] Crim LR 271 Brown [1985] Crim LR 212 Brown [1994] 1 AC 212 xii

Bryce [2004] 2 Cr App R 35 Burstow [1998] AC 147 Byrne [1960] 3 All ER 1 C v. Eisenhower [1984] QB 331 Caldwell [1982] AC 341 Campbell (1986) 84 CR App R 255 Chan Fook [1994] 2 AU ER 552 Cheshire [1991] 3 All ER 670 Church [1966] 1 QB 59 Church [1966] QB 59 Clarke [1972] 1 All ER 219 Clegg [1995] 1 All ER 334 Clouden [1987] Crim LR 56 Cole [1994] Crim LR 582 Collins [1973] QB 100 Collins v. Wilcox [1984] 3 AU ER 374 Constanza [1997] 2 Cr App R 492 Cunningham [1957] 2 QB 396 Cunningham [1982] AC 566 Davies [1975] 1 AU ER 890 Dawson (1976) 64 Cr App R 170 Dica [2004] QB 1257 Donovan [1934] 2 KB 498 Dietschmann [2003] 1 AC 1209 Doughty (1986) 83 Cr App R 319 Doukas [1978] 1 All ER 1061 DPP v. Armstrong [2000] Crim LR 379 DPP v. Bell [1992] Crim LR 176 DPP v. Beard [1920] AC 479 DPP v. Jones [1990] RTR 33 DPP v. Gomez [1993] 1 AU ER 1 DPP v. K and B [1997] Cr App R 36 DPP v. Majewski [1977] AC 443 DPP v. Morgan [1976] AC 182 DPP v. Smith [1961] AC 290

A HEAD

Contents
Acknowledgements Introduction Guided tour Table of cases and statutes Chapter 1: Chapter 2: Chapter 3: Chapter 4: Chapter 5: Chapter 6: Chapter 7: Chapter 8: Chapter 9: Chapter 10: Chapter 11: Chapter 12: Chapter 13: Chapter 14: Chapter 15: Elements of criminal liability Actus reus Mens rea Inchoate offences Accessorial liability Murder Voluntary manslaughter Involuntary manslaughter Assault and battery Statutory non-fatal offences Sexual offences Criminal damage Theft Theft-related offences Deception offences 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00

v

Dangerous situation

Omissions

Voluntary assumption Contract Relationships Natural event

Intervening acts

Third party

ACTUS REUS

Victim Legal

2 reus Actus

Causation

Factual

Types of AR

14

INTRODUCTION

Revision Checklist
What you need to know:
Types of actus reus Role of actus reus in establishing criminal liability Relationship between factual and legal causation Circumstances when intervening acts will break the chain of causation Situations giving rise to liability for failing to act

Introduction:

Understanding actus reus
Actus reus is often described as the ‘guilty act’ or ‘conduct element’ of an offence but is more correctly described as all the external elements of the offence. In other words, everything apart from the defendant’s state of mind. All offences have an actus reus so the issues covered in this chapter could arise in relation to any offence making this an important revision topic. Revising issues such as causation and omissions provides an excellent foundation for coursework or exam problem questions so make sure you have a firm grasp of these before revising the substantive offences. Essay question advice Essay involving actus reus fall into two categories. 1 Broad questions dealing...
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