February 14, 2011
This Law Enforcement paper will describe some of the historic background of police agencies and their jurisdiction in regard to local, state, and federal law enforcement, all of which fall under the jurisdiction of the Department of Homeland Security. Also covered in this paper, is a brief overview of each department’s responsibilities with regard to their primary purposes.
History and Development of Police
The rise of police as an organized force throughout the Western world, took place the same time centralized governments came into existence. Police forces have grown all around the world but growth of the English police is of particular interest to students of the criminal justice system in America. The reason for this is due, to a large extent because early American policing was formed on the British model. With the exception of military intervention, law enforcement was not well-organized until close to the year A.D. 1200 (Schmalleger, 2009). During this early period, law enforcement relied on the efforts of citizens to help with criminal apprehension. In 1829, a man by the named Sir Robert Peel (who later became prime minister of England) organized what may have been recognized as the world’s first modern police force. That same year, the Metropolitan Police Act, allocated resources for Peel’s force of 1,000 handpicked men, and The London Metropolitan Police Force (also known as the new police, or Met,) became the model for polices forces all across the world (Schmalleger, 2009). American leaders paid close attention to Sir Robert Peel as he created London’s new police. One year later, Stephen Girard, a well-to-do manufacturer, donated a large amount of money to the city of Philadelphia to create a capable...