Law Enforcement in the 21 Century, Second Edition, by Heath B. Grant and Karen J. Terry. Published by Allyn & Bacon. Copyright © 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Chapter Out line
The Role of Discretion in Policing
Defining Police Discretion
Factors Affecting the Exercise of Officer
Type and Seriousness of Offense
Attitude of the Suspect
Characteristics, Position, and Preference
of the Victim
Relationship Between the Suspect and
Evidence of the Offense
Minority Status of the Parties to the Offense
The Importance of Police Behavior
Psychological Explanations: Predisposition and
Police Behavior—Police Personality or Culture?
Educational Explanations: Police Recruits and
the Effects of Police Training
Sociological Explanations: Skolnick’s
Organizational Explanations: Wilson’s Three
Styles of Policing
The Watchman Style
The Legalistic Style
The Service Style
● Understand what is meant by the term
● Identify and examine the factors that influence police decision making and the exercise of discretion.
● Examine different theories of police behavior
and address the question of whether there is
such a thing as a “police personality.”
● Become familiar with Wilson’s three styles of
policing and explore the relationship between
police organization and the behavior of individual officers.
Sources of Police Stress
Internal and External Organizational Stressors
● Examine the causes of police stress and
Reconciling the Theories
LINKAGES IN LAW ENFORCEMENT: PostTraumatic Stress Disorder Following Response to Stress—Law Enforcement
and Other Emergency Workers
LINKING THE DOTS
Law Enforcement in the 21 Century, Second...