Literatures of Latin America
- consists of the oral and written literature of Latin America in several languages, particularly in Spanish, Portuguese, and indigenous languages of the Americas - consist of HIGH CULTURE (literature and high arts) and POPULAR CULTURE (folk, music and dances) as well as religion and other customary practices.
Factors that influence the culture of Latin America
* Pre Columbian Culture-
* European Colonial Culture-
European culture influence is particularly marked in so called HIGH CULTURE. * 19TH AND 20TH century immigration
* Chinese, Korean and Japanese immigration
Intensive race mixing ;
* Europians + Ameridians = mestizos
* Europians + descendants = mullatoes
* Blacks + Ameridians = Zambos
* Spanish – predominant language in Latin America
* Roman Catholic
* Pre-Columbian cultures were primarily oral, though the Aztecs and Mayans, for instance, produced elaborate codices * a tradition of oral narrative survives to this day, for instance among the Quechua-speaking population of Peru and the Quiché of Guatemala.
* From the very moment when Europeans encountered the New World, early explorers and conquistadores produced written accounts and crónicas of their experience, such as Columbus's letters or Bernal Díaz del Castillo's description of the conquest of Mexico.
* . Towards the end of the 18th Century and the beginning of the 19th, a distinctive criollo literary tradition emerged, including the first novels such as José JoaquínFernández de Lizardi's El PeriquilloSarniento (1816). The "libertadores" themselves were also often distinguished writers, such as Simón Bolívar and Andrés Bello