How the Lathe Came to be and The Different Kinds
Every lathe throughout the years has always relied on a revolving work piece. The lathe has been around for tens of thousands of years. The earliest known date of the first lathe was by the Egyptians. A carving in a wall relief shows a lathe being used by two men; this is dated back to around 300 BC. There are many lathes that are out there today. I’ve chosen a select few to talk about. These lathes are used every day and help our nation grow as a whole.
The first I’m going to talk about is the Wood Lathe. The wood lathe was one of the earliest lathes. The wood lathe is mainly used by hand to carve chair posts, baseball bats, and any type of cylinder that has certain indentations. Some of the newer lathes have a vacuum to suck up all the sawdust that is produced from the turning of the wood block. This sawdust is reduced and sent to different companies to use. You can turn, drill, and cut off with a wood lathe. Many of the wood projects are done by skilled professionals that can do these by hand.
The next lathe is an Engine Lathe; this is the most common lathe around today. This lathe is run by a small engine that can be set to a certain rpm and feed rate speed. This lathe has a half-nut on it so the feed of the compound rest can be set to take off a certain amount of material of the turning part. An engine lathe can do about just any type of lathe work. It can knurl, tap, drill, cut off, thread, etc. It is mainly used for medium sized parts. The Engine Lathe is one of the most versatile lathes out there today.
The biggest and most complicated lathe parts are created in a CNC Lathe. This lathe is run by codes called G-codes and H-Codes. When you put a program into the lathe it spits out a blueprint with these codes on it. A CNC in a fully automatic Lathe, it uses a continuous flow of lubricant so that while the...