Latest Developments of the Greater Pearl River Delta

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大珠江三角洲最新發展情況

Latest Developments of the Greater Pearl River Delta

這章節共分為六個部分。首三部分介紹廣 東和大珠三角地區的最新經濟概況;第四 及第五部分將分析珠三角的發展目標及粵 港合作區的新進展。第六部分則簡述大珠 三角地區的最新基礎建設項目和政府政策 措施。

This chapter is divided into 6 parts. Part I, II and III will give the general economic overview of Guangdong as well as the Greater Pearl River Delta region. Key development goals for Guangdong and latest updates of the cooperation zones between Hong Kong and Guangdong will be covered in Part IV and Part V. Part VI will introduce the major government initiatives and recent infrastructure projects in the Greater Pearl River Delta region.

I. 廣東省經濟發展現況
廣東是中國人口最多的省份。根據2011年 的廣東統計年鑑,廣東共有常住人口1.044 億,土地面積為179812.7平方公里。 廣東位處南中國沿岸,由21個地級市組 成。其中,廣州、佛山、肇慶、深圳、東 莞、惠州、珠海、中山、江門九座城市 統稱為珠三角地區。珠三角地區是中國 製造業的重鎮,2010年佔廣東地區生產 總值79%,並佔廣東社會消費零售總額 72.4%。

I.

Economic Overview of Guangdong

Guangdong is the most populous province in China. Encompassing a total land area of 179 812.7 sq. km, the province had a 104.4 million permanent population by the end of 2010, according to the Guangdong Statistical Yearbook 2011. Located on the southern coast of China, Guangdong is composed of 21 cities at prefecture level. Of which, Guangzhou, Foshan, Zhaoqing, Shenzhen, Dongguan, Huizhou, Zhuhai, Zhongshan and Jiangmen are the 9 major cities forming a region commonly known as the Pearl River Delta. The Pearl River Delta region, a manufacturing hub of national importance, contributed 79% to total GDP of Guangdong in year 2010. Meanwhile, the region also accounted for a 72.4% share of total retail sales of consumer goods of Guangdong in 2010.

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1. 廣東地區生產總值
2010年,廣東錄得地區生產總值45,472.8 億元人民幣,同比增長15.2%。到2015 年,廣東的生產總值預期將達到66,800億 元人民幣,年均增長8%。

1.

GDP of Guangdong

In 2010, Guangdong registered a GDP of RMB 4.5 trillion with a year-on-year growth of 15.2%. It is forecasted that the total GDP will reach RMB 6.7 trillion by 2015, with an annual growth rate of 8%.

80,000 70,000 億元人民幣RMB 100m 60,000 50,000

廣東省地區生產總值 GDP of Guangdong (1978-2015*)

66,800.0

45,472.8 39,482.6 35,696.5 31,084.4 22,366.5 10,741.3 185.9 1,559.0 5,933.1

40,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 0

生產總值 GDP 2015* 年份Year

1978

1990

1995

2000

2005

2007

2008

2009

2010

資料來源:2011廣東統計年鑑 *2015年數字為預算值

Source: Guangdong Statistical Yearbook 2011 * The figure of 2015 is projection

2. 人均地區生產總值
自中國經濟改革開放以來,廣東人均地區 生產總值由1978年的370元人民幣,增加 至2010年的47,000元人民幣,年均增長 14.2%;預計到2015年將增至66,000元人 民幣,年均增速7%。

2.

GDP Per Capita

Since China adopted the economic reform and opening-up policy, the GDP per capita of Guangdong has increased from RMB 370 in 1978 to RMB 47,000 in 2010, representing an annual growth of 14.2%. It is expected that the GDP per capita will increase to RMB 66,000 by 2015, with an annual growth rate of 7%.

80,000 70,000 60,000 元人民幣RMB 50,000 40,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 0

廣東人均地區生產總值 GDP per capita of Guangdong (1978-2015*)

66,000.0

47,000.0 37,589.0 33,151.0 24,438.0 12,736.0 8,129.0 370.0 2,484.0 41,166.0

廣東人均地區 生產總值 GDP per capita of Guangdong 2015* 年份Year

1978

1990

1995

2000

2005

2007

2008

2009

2010

資料來源:2011廣東統計年鑑 *2015年數字為預算值

Source: Guangdong Statistical Yearbook 2011 * The figure of 2015 is projection

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3. 消費品零售額
隨著居民的收入增加,消費品零售額由 1978年的79.9 億元人民幣,增至2010 年的17,414.7億元人民幣,按年增長 16.9%;預計到2015年將達到35,000億元 人民幣。 40,000 35,000 億元人民幣RMB 100m 30,000 25,000 20,000

3.

Retail Sales of Consumer Goods

In line with the income growth, the amount of retail sales of consumer goods has increased from RMB 8.0 billion in 1978 to RMB 1.7 trillion in 2010 with an annual growth of 16.9%. By estimation, the figure will reach RMB 3.5 trillion by 2015.

消費品零售額 Retail sales of consumer goods (1978-2015*)

35,000.0

17,414.7 14,891.8 12,772.2 10,598.1 7,882.6 2,478.4 4,379.8

15,000 10,000 5,000 0
79.9 667.4

社會消費品 零售額 Total retail sales of consumer goods 2015* 年份Year

1978

1990...
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