National Bureau of Statistics of China
February 22, 2013
In 2012, faced with the complicated and severe international situation and arduous tasks of domestic reform, development and stability, under the firm leadership of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, the people of all nationalities of China, taking the scientific development as the theme and the transformation of economic development mode as the mainline, following the general tone of making progress while ensuring the stability, carried out the package of plans and policies aiming at strengthening and improving the macro control. As a result, national economic performance maintained steady development, all social undertakings achieved new progress, and a good foundation was laid for the comprehensive construction of a well-off society.
I. General Outlook
In 2012, the gross domestic product (GDP) of the year was 51,932.2 billion yuan, up by 7.8 percent over the previous year. Of this total, the value added of the primary industry was 5,237.7 billion yuan, up by 4.5 percent, that of the secondary industry was 23,531.9 billion yuan, up by 8.1 percent and the tertiary industry was 23,162.6 billion yuan, up by 8.1 percent. The value added of the primary industry accounted for 10.1 percent of the GDP, that of the secondary industry accounted for 45.3 percent, and that of the tertiary industry accounted for 44.6 percent.
The consumer price in 2012 went up by 2.6 percent over the previous year. Of this total, the prices for food went up by 4.8 percent. The prices for investment in fixed assets increased by 1.1 percent. The producer prices and the purchasing prices for manufactured goods were down by 1.7 percent and 1.8 percent respectively. The producer prices for farm products were up by 2.7 percent.
Table 1: General Level of Consumer Prices in 2012|
Item| NationalAverage| |
| | Urban| Rural|
| | | |
General level of consumer prices| 2.6| 2.7| 2.5|
Food| 4.8| 5.1| 4.0|
Tobacco, liquor and articles| 2.9| 2.9| 2.7|
Clothing| 3.1| 2.9| 3.8|
Household appliances and maintaining services | 1.9| 2.1| 1.5| Medical, health and personal articles| 2.0| 2.0| 2.1|
Transportation and telecommunications| -0.1| -0.3| 0.6| Recreation, education, culture articles and services| 0.5| 0.4| 1.0| Housing| 2.1| 2.2| 1.9|
| | | |
The number of cities among 70 large and medium-sized cities showing the rise of monthly sales prices (month-on-month) for new commercial residential buildings was 54 at the end of the 2012.
At the end of year 2012, the number of employed people in China was 767.04 million, and that in urban areas was 371.02 million. The newly increased employed people in urban areas numbered 12.66 million. The urban unemployment rate through unemployment registration was 4.1 percent at the year end, maintaining the same level as 2011. The total migrant workers in 2012 were 262.61 million, up by 3.9 percent over that of 2011. Of which, the migrant workers left hometown and worked in other provinces were 163.36 million, increased by 3.0 percent, the migrant workers worked in local provinces reached 99.25 million, up by 5.4 percent.
At the end of 2012, China's foreign exchange reserves reached 3,311.6 billion US dollars, an increase of 130.4 billion US dollars as compared with that at the end of the previous year. At the end of the year, the exchange rate was 6.2855 RMB to 1 USD, an appreciation by 0.25 percent over that at the end of 2011.
In 2012, the total public revenue reached 11,721.0 billion yuan, up by 12.8 percent or an increase of 1,333.5 billion yuan over that in the previous year. Of this total, the taxes collected in the whole year reached 10,060.1 billion yuan, up by 12.1 percent or an increase of 1,086.2 billion yuan over...