Language Speech and Communication

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SPEECH LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION

An explanation of :

* Communication can be either verbal or written. Communication can also be seen by facial expressions, gesture and body language. In addition to the words, messages are transferred by the tone and quality of voice and eye contact. * Speech is vocalised language; it cannot be written or signed. Different children progress with speech in different ways and different stages. Sometimes speech can be slurred or not pronounced in the correct manner. * Language can be spoken written or signed. The age and the pace at which a child reaches each milestone of language development vary greatly among children. Children begin by pointing at objects and saying one word such as ‘’ that’’ or the first few letters of the word. In general girls develop language at a faster rate than boys. More than any other aspect of development, language development reflects the growth of the brain. Children who find it hard to express themselves or who have a foreign language to the one that is being used find it hard to manage their behaviour. Because they can’t express themselves through language they can tend to be aggressive, throw tantrums, and have outbursts of anger for no explanation.

* Speech, language and communication needs

Specific difficulties that a child or young person may have that may relate to impairment, medical condition or an emotional problem. Communication impairment can be annoying and distressing for the child. People often get frustrated because they can’t explain how they feel. They experience a loss of confidence and self-esteem so it can affect them in life with personal and social relationships. Their disability could also reduce their opportunities in education and employment. Speech problems can appear when the child is young maybe because they are late in starting to talk or because people cannot understand them when they Speak. This may also happen when the child goes into nursery or primary school, when they start to read, and sometimes even later on when a child is underachieving or becoming withdrawn or frustrated resulting in challenging behaviours.

* An explanation of how speech, language and communication skills support each of the following areas in children’s development:

* Learning: The child’s overall cognition is mainly about using the information they have registered and associating it with something else. It helps to involve children in conversations and use what they have learnt.

* Emotional: They are able to use there emotional feelings through speech so instead of getting frustrated and having tantrums. Now the children can express themselves by pointing and saying a word.

* Behaviour: Children find it hard to control their behaviour but once they learn to say their first words it becomes a lot easier because they can remind themselves what they are meant to be doing and what they should not do. A toddler will often tell another child if he or she is doing wrong and say ‘’no’’.

* Social: Children read the faces and body languages of children and most of the time respond in the right way. They will often do something and the other child will repeat what they are doing such as clapping hands, jumping or running.

* A description of the potential impact of speech, language and communication difficulties on the overall development of a child, both currently and in the longer term.

The short term effects on development can be frustration, anger , withdrawal, low levels of confidence, difficulties in making friends, difficulties in learning new information , difficulties in applying information to new situations and find it hard to make themselves understood. In the long term children may be affected by not achieving their potential, find it hard to not only make relationships but maintain them. Children may also develop antisocial behaviour in some cases.

• An explanation of the ways in...
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