Language Acquisition

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Dr. Yousif Al-Shumaimeri

CI342

Methodology for TEFL

LANGUAGE TEACHING METHODS: INTRODUCTION
Introduction
In any teaching situation, one will face the followings:

• • • • •

Learners Subject matters Classroom environment Materials and equipments Process of teaching and learning

These elements will be working together. They will be either helpful for teachers or otherwise. Skilful or at least luck teachers are those who make such variables work by their side. If we look closer at each variable we must notice the difference, which create a major headache for novice trainees and teachers alike. We scratch our heads seeking solutions and advice of all courses we studied at college. Furthermore, we search into experience looking for models to follow or adapt to get us out of the trap. Sometimes, we succeed and most of the time we do not, depending on how luck we are. For teachers of English as a foreign language, EFL, there are minimum requirements. They have to be knowledgeable in the field of psychology and linguistics. While the first discipline will help them know aspects and characteristics of learners, the latter will define and explain language dimensions and its relationship to varieties of human behaviour. No matter what we do as teachers or learners, we are going to be different from each others. Since this is the case, we will be great from some, alright for some and poor for others. Only realistic teachers and administrators admit this fact and act accordingly. Others lie, bluff and dream with some clients who probably share the same characteristics. So, what is it that trainees and teachers should know about their career? Let us go over the following items, even though they are highly simplified.

Dr. Yousif Al-Shumaimeri

CI342

Methodology for TEFL

1.1 Definitions of Language
1- Language is a system of arbitrary vocal symbols, which permit all people in a given culture, or other people who have learned the system of that language to communicate or interact. 2- Language is a system of Communication by sound, operating through organs of speech and hearing. It only occurs, however, in a community among its members. These vocal symbols possess arbitrary conventional meanings. 3- Language is any set or system of linguistic symbols. These symbols are used by a number of people when communicating intelligibly with each other. Also this system is controlled partially by a more or less uniform. 4- Language is any means, vocal or else, of expressing feelings or thoughts within a community. It is a system of conventionalized signs, especially words or gestures having at least for a period of time fixed meanings. 5- Language is a systematic means of communicating ideas or feelings. Signs, sounds, gestures, marks…etc. are parts of such a system. The phonetical, morphological and grammatical rules are applicable to them either in isolation or in groups.

1.1.1 More facts about languages • • • • • • • Every language is good enough for its people. Every language has consonant and vowels. Every language has rule in any shape. Every language has linguistics and para or non-linguistics elements. Every language belongs to a certain family. Every language is subject to development or otherwise. Every language is uttered throw organs of speech coupled by movement of parts of the human body. • • Language only exists in a community. Every individual is capable of acquiring or learning a language(s) as far as he/she lives in a community.

Dr. Yousif Al-Shumaimeri

CI342

Methodology for TEFL



Every language is loaded with its cultural aspects one cannot strip one of the other. A language dominates according to the strength of its people.

1.2 English as a world language
The status of English today is the result of two main factors such as the expansion of British colonial power, and the emergence of the United States as the leading power of the 20th century. From 1945 and tell now nearly all...
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