Land and Property Management System

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CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.0 Introduction
In this era of the 20th century, companies and individuals are able to view the importance of Internet in making their business easier, smarter and strategic especially when Internet has become a norm among the many thousands of people in the society (Kathy, 1993). Leveraging on this technology, a MIS Land/Property Management System is important to implement for companies who want to maintain real estate companies online. The MIS Land/Property Management System will serve as an electronic platform to enhance the paper-based business operations currently implemented at many companies at present. By employing this web-based solution, the system is expected to become more competitive and strategic as it is likely to diminish the yearly expenses that primarily involves bundle of papers, stationeries and printing materials as well as providing convenience to its clients. 1.1 Background of the study

Facilities management is not completely new. It is an offspring of maintenance management and property management. These specialties have been expanded and broadened. (Owen 1995) affirmed that facilities management became recognized as an identifiable management concept in the United States at the start of the eighties and has been practised in the United Kingdom since 1983 with the main growth occurring in the nineties. All the functions, which are now incorporated under facilities management umbrella, existed prior to the recognition of facilities management. What facilities management has achieved, which is new, is an understanding that a coordinated and integrated approach to a range of business activities can add value to an organization’s process. This trend is captured by (Alexander’s 1996:1) definition of facilities management as “the process by which an organization delivers and sustains support services in a quality environment to meet strategic needs”. Undoubtedly, facilities management has come to stay as a profession in Europe and other developed nations of the world. However, in Nigeria its existence and even its practice are not sufficiently documented. The Nigerian Institution of Estate Surveyors and Valuers’s 28th Annual Conference of March 1998 focused on the theme ‘Facility Management in Nigeria – The Estate Surveyor and Valuer’s perspective’. That Conference might be regarded as the pioneering effort on facilities management awareness in Nigeria particularly from the estate surveyors’ point of view though it does not necessarily mean that elements of facilities management had not been in operation before 1998. Other professional institutions such as The Nigerian Institute of Quantity Surveyors, The Nigerian Institute of Building and The Nigerian Society of Engineers had organized seminars and workshops on facilities management. Presently, there has been much argument as to whether it should be a distinct professional calling at all. However, some surveyors do not see any difference between facilities management and maintenance management or property management while others doubt the practicability of its principles being applied in business circles in Nigeria (Ojo 2002).

To manage an Land/property has been very challenging to estate owners as there has not been proper online management system used by estate owners. Real estate management system is a field that focuses on buying and selling of property, property valuation and property auction and rentage. Property here typically consists of residential property. Each of these operations will produce an end report which is signed by the registered valuer or auctioneer. In order to become a registered valuer, the candidate must have a recognized degree, two years working experience under a registered valuer and pass a test of professional competent. Then only the respective candidate will be registered under the Board of Valuer, Appraisers and Estate Agency Act. On the other hand, to become a registered auctioneer,...
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