The Problem and Its Background
Background of the Study
Information technology is currently taking a big role in the development of the society and giving enormous advantages in easing the delivery of information around the world, as well as the central role of information in the new global economy, means that information technology will shape the dynamics of the new millennium. It also affects the contemporary changes occurring around the world such as in the midst of a third major revolution in human civilization. First there was the Agricultural Revolution, then the Industrial Revolution, and now we are in the Information Revolution. Information technology and a worldwide system of information have been established for over a hundred years. Industry is not slowing down in growth rather it is accelerating because of the presence of new technology. Society is, in fact, transforming in a fundamental way, but the Information Revolution is only part of involving multiple and interdependent causes, including human values, ways of life, culture, science, politics, and economy. Economy, society, education, religion, psychology, science, and technology are all changing, since they are all reciprocally interconnected. Globalization of world economies has greatly enhanced the values of information to business organizations and has offered new business opportunities. Today, IT provides the communication and analytical power that organizations need for conducting trade and managing business at global level with much ease. To coordinate their worldwide network of suppliers, distributors and consumers, organizations have developed global information systems that can track orders, deliveries, and payments round the clock. This has been possible because of the development of IT in its present form. In the broadest sense, information technology refers to both the hardware and software that are used to store, retrieve, and manipulate information. At the lowest level you have the servers each with an operating system. Installed on these servers are things like database and web serving software. The servers are connected to each other and to users via a network infrastructure. And the users accessing these servers have their own hardware, operating systems, and software tools. The impact of information technology on societal development is that technological developments which have occurred in information technology have influenced a "broad grouping of people" in their "common traditions, institutions and/or collective activities". This broad grouping of people primarily occurs in the industrialized world of where "information technology" is commonly available. Philippines have proved resilient in containing both domestic and external shocks with proper monetary policies and fiscal management. Reforms that brought about liberalization, deregulation, and privatization have significantly restructured industries towards greater efficiency. The present administration has built a solid foundation from which the Philippines can be propelled into the 21st century as a competitive and vibrant economy. The challenge to all Filipinos is to nurture and build on these gains and to ensure that their distribution will be as broad-based as possible. These positive developments in the economy have contributed to the overall bullishness in the Philippine I.T. industry today. Indeed, there is a lot of gold to be mined in the Philippine I.T. landscape. The country can build its capability in the design and manufacture of large-scale integrated circuits and microprocessors and of microprocessor based process monitoring and control. Software design, along with information and data services, has become areas where the country has established certain advantages. Developments in telecommunications technology offer new opportunities for the country’s professionals (e.g. medical practitioners, engineers, etc.) to engage in distance professional...
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