A lactase enzyme is an enzyme that is typically found within the small intestines of a human body. The primary function of the lactase enzyme is to break down lactose, which is the milk sugar found in milk and milk related products like: ice cream, cheese, chocolate, etc. When the lactase enzyme is functioning properly, what it will do is, it will take the milk sugar and break that up into the simple sugars called galactose and glucose. Both galactose and glucose are monosaccharides that are converted into energy for the body. When it comes to the physical attributes of these two monosaccharides, the glucose is the sweet of the two.
The lactase enzyme is very important in the human body, but it can be depleted or change overtime. When babies are born they have an excess amount of the lactase enzyme within their small intestine. However, when it comes to children, teens, and adults, there are often issues surrounding lactose intolerance. Lactose intolerance results when there is not a sufficient amount of lactase enzyme within the small intestine. For a lactose intolerant person, when lactose related products are consumed, the milk sugars are not converted into the simple sugars needed for energy. Instead what occurs in the body of someone with lactose intolerance is that the milk sugars or lactose is utilized by bacteria instead. The bacteria and lactose combination typically forms gas and from the formation of gas, the person begins to suffer from abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea, and various other issues. For some the lactose intolerance is mild and the person might experience a bit of discomfort after the consumption of lactose enriched products. However, for a fair number of people the lactose intolerance is quite severe and can cause serious issues. Lactose is a very important part nutrient that needs to be consumed at some level, in order for our bodies to function properly. Furthermore, with lactose products, like...
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