Laboratory Management

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  • Topic: Medical laboratory, Laboratory, Pathology
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  • Published : November 16, 2012
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MANAGEMENT OF LABORATORY

HOM 101: Fundamentals of Health Care Management
Dr. Maisoun Al-Sharif
Fall 2012

By
Mustafa Malaka

Abstract
Our report will describe the clinical laboratory department, the services provided, and the different sections and functions in the department. We will highlight every important aspect related to the clinical laboratory department in detail as well as our suggestions and the areas that can be improved. Our conclusion will include a four minutes video that will summarize the points discussed in our research.

What is a clinical laboratory?
Is a place equipped for making tests or doing experimental work for examination of materials derived from the human body (such as fluids, tissues, or cells) and for the purpose of providing information on diagnosis, prognosis, prevention, or treatment of disease. Is a laboratory in which tests directly related to the care of patients are performed. Such laboratories use material obtained from patients for testing, as compared with research laboratories, where animal and other sources of test material are also used.  A medical laboratory or clinical laboratory is a laboratory where tests are done on clinical specimens in order to get information about the health of a patient as pertaining to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.

What are the services provided by clinical laboratory?
* Examining biopsy specimens.
* Performing forensic and medicolegal autopsies.
* Using living organisms as models to conduct experiments. * Weighing chemicals, filtering liquids, distilling ingredients, and growing cultures of microorganisms. * Performs chemical, hematological, immunologic, microscopic, and bacteriological diagnostic analyses on body fluids such as blood, urine, sputum, stool, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), peritoneal fluid, pericardial fluid, and synovial fluid, as well as other specimens. * Utilize pre-analytical systems in order for biomedical scientists. * Draw blood from a live person or animal for tests, transfusions, donations, or research. * Receive dictation from physicians and other healthcare professionals and transcribe them into different medical documents. * Catalogues specimens for use by other health care workers, including laboratory technicians, nurses and physicians.

Description of the different sections and the human resources working in these departments: * Hematology/Coagulation: Examines blood and blood components to determine if they are within normal limits. * Immunogenetics: Explores the relationship between the immune system and genetics. * Urology: Examines urine

* Blood banking /storage of blood
* Microbiology/Infectious diseases: The isolation and identification of pathogenic bacteria, yeast, fungi, parasites, and viruses. * Toxicology (Drug Testing)
* Cytology: The study of cells.
* Forensic medicine: Investigation of crime.
* Neuropathology: Concerned with diseases of the nervous system. * Pediatric pathology
* Gynecologic pathology: Dealing with the health of the female reproductive system.

The staff of clinical laboratories may include:
-Pathologist: A doctor who specializes in the anatomic (structural) and chemical changes that occur with diseases. These doctors function in the laboratory, examining biopsy specimens, and regulating studies performed by the hospital laboratories (blood tests, urine tests, etc). -Clinical Biochemist: Biochemists perform a number of tasks, such as weighing chemicals, filtering liquids, distilling ingredients, and growing cultures of microorganisms. -Pathologists' assistant (PA): A physician extender whose expertise lies in gross examination of surgical specimens as well as performing forensic and medico legal autopsies. -Biomedical Scientist (BMS): Biomedical Scientists conduct research in a laboratory setting, using living organisms as models to conduct experiments....
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