Labor Workfoce from the 19th Century to the 20th Century and the Forces of Change

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Labor workforce from the 19th Century to the 20th Century and the forces of Change Introduction
The focus of this research is the outlook of the American workforce composition difference from the 19th century to the 20th Century and the forces of change. Throughout this research analysis, one will be able to see some but not all of the different changes in labor and the forces of those changes. The shifting of labor will always be something that is happening throughout the very existence of itself. What I believe is important is counting the changes and analyzing the improvements that the workforce has underwent in these two centuries and venturing on to analyze how we have improved and how we can improve today. The many forces of changes that have occurred throughout these two centuries have led to extreme labor shift and most likely will continue to this day as our demographics expand, more technological improvements and new sources of energy continue to emerge. I am most certain to believe that these components of change will most likely change the workforce labor once again. Introduction PT 2

The industrial revolution of the 19th century was a turning point in the American workforce that demanded new and efficient ways for production. One may ask how this particular century has caused such pivotal changes to the 20th century. I can’t answer this question with all of the statistical data that I have found but I look to the explainer and the creator of Scientific Management, Frederick Taylor. Taylor’s published work defines the principals of Scientific Management and describes how the application of the scientific method for the management of workers could greatly improve productivity to meet the needs of the demand for efficient and fast ways for production. Before the work of Frederick Taylor and the Scientific Management, work was performed by skilled craftsmen who made their own decisions on how much to produce as well as how their work was performed. Taylor expanded upon ideas dealing with interests in worker productivity. Taylor performed many experiments that he called time studies, which led him to assume that mindless tasks could be planned to dramatically increase productivity. Time studies can be characterized by “the use of stopwatches to time a workers sequence of motions, with the goal of determining the one best way to perform a job”, (NetMBA 1). Other Time Studies also include the use of a shovel, Pig Iron, Brick laying and the science of shoveling. Taylor later implemented 4 principles of scientific management dealing with increasing productivity levels which were implemented in factories such as Henry Fords’ automobile factories. The 4 principles led to the basic human automation that reigned from the 1950’s to the 1960’s. It wasn’t until the 20th century where economic changes brought about innovations that led to the increase in the size of average market and industry. Over the course of the 20th century, the composition of the labor force shifted from industries dominated by primary production occupations such as farmers to those dominated by technical such as service workers. At this time only 38% of the labor force worked on farms. By the end of the 20th century, 38% dropped to 3%. Service industries were the growth sector during the 20th century, jumping from 31 percent of all workers in 1900 to78 percent in 1999. Forces of Change

As I looked through many statistical data, one major thing that I thought was what were the underlying changes of the workforce in the 20th century and what were the forces leading to those changes. I instantly knew that it was impossible to have just one leading force to the many changes that occurred in the 20th century. It is hard to look at just one force or action and accept it as the pinnacle point to changes in the workforce. With this being said, my research has shown that technology, technological improvements, electricity, and changes in demographics of...
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