Labor Welfare Activities in Textile Industry

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CHAPTER – I
1.1 INTRODUCTION
GENERAL
Man Management is very vital for any organization. This has to be, followed by providing necessary infrastructure facilities and Welfare Measure to the employees of the organization.

Oxford dictionary defines Labour Welfare as “Efforts to Man Life worth Living for Workman”. It operates to centralize the harmful effects of Large Scale industrialization and urbanization.

The Welfare is having two dimensions, one in broader sense and other in Narrow sense.

In the broader sense, it is not only the minimum standard of hygiene and labour legislation, but also such aspects of Working life as social insurance schemes, Measures for the protection of Woman & Young Workers, limitation of hours of workers, limitation of hours of work, paid vacation etc.,

In the Narrow sense, Welfare in addition to general physical working condition is only conceived with the day to day problem of the workers and the Social Relationship at the place of Work.

The concept of Labour Welfare originated in the desire for humanitarian approach to the sufferings of the Working class. It also operates to neutralize the harmful effect of the large scale Industrialization & Urbanization. The concept of Labour Welfare can be approached from various Angles.

Welfare has been defined as a total concept. It is a desirable state of Existence involving physical, mental and moral well being. All these four elements together constitute the structure of welfare on which its totaling is based. Welfare is a Relative concept for it is related to time and place. Changes in it have an impact on the system of Welfare as well. Also the characteristics of Welfare vary, for it depends largely on the conscience of the community, the scientific Advancement and development of a Nation in all fields. Its meaning and components differ from country and from place to place.

The social concept of Welfare implies the Welfare of Man, the family and his community. All these aspects are inter related and work together in a three dimensional Approach.

It is however, flexible, elastic and from time to time, region to Region, industry to industry and country to country depending on the value of the system, level of Education, Social customs, degree of Industrialization, and general standards of Socio-economic development of the people. It is also relative to the political situation of the country. Further it depends on the kinds of problems with which the society is confronted as well as on the structure of industry.

Labour investigation committee (1944-1946) includes under Labour Welfare Activities as anything done for the industrial, physical, moral & Economic betterment of the Workers whether by the Employer, by the government or by any agencies, over and above, what is laid down by the law, or what is normally expected as part of the contractual benefits for which the workers may have benefited.

The report of the committee on Labour Welfare (1969) includes under it such services and facilities and amenities as Adequate canteen, rest and recreation facilities, sanitary and Medical facilities, arrangement for travel to and from work and for the accommodation of workers employed at a distance from their homes and such other services, amenities and facilities including social security measures as contributing to improve the conditions under which the workers are employed.

In brief, Welfare is a desirable state of existence involving physical, mental and moral, emotional well being, it is a total concept.

1.2 TEXTILE INDUSTRY
The Indian Textile Industry has a significant presence in the economy as well as the international textile economy. Its contribution to the Indian Economy is manifested in terms of its contribution to the Industrial production, Employment generation and foreign exchange Earnings. It contributes 20% of Industrial Production, 9% of Excise collections, 18% of Employment in the industrial...
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