Labor Relations & Collective Bargaining

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Union: A formal association of workers that promotes the interests of its member through collective action. Generally, The Union workers receive higher wages and benefits then do non-union workers. However Unions can be associated with high Productivity.

Why Do Workers Join Unions?
Worker's Join Union Primarily because of management failure to address organizational & job-related concerns.

What Do Unions Want?
Unions have 2 Sets of aims:
•Union Security:
Five Types of Union Security are possible:
I.Closed Shop: The Company can hire only union members.
II.Union Shop: The Company can hire non-union people, but they must join the union after the prescribed period of time and pay dues, or else they are fired. III.Agency shop: Employees who do not belong to the union still must pay union dues on the assumption that the union's efforts benefit all workers. IV.Open Shop: It is up to the workers whether or not they join the union---, those who do not, do not pay dues. V.Maintenance of membership arrangement: Employees do not have to belong to the union. However, union members employed by the firm must maintain membership in the union for the contract period.

•Improved wages, hours, working conditions, and benefits for their members. The Constitution of Pakistan contains a range of provisions with regards to labour rights found in Part II: Fundamental Rights and Principles of Policy. I.Article 11 of the Constitution prohibits all forms of slavery, forced labour and child labour; II.Article 17 provides for a fundamental right to exercise the freedom of association and the right to form unions; III.Article 18 proscribes the right of its citizens to enter upon any lawful profession or occupation and to conduct any lawful trade or business; IV.Article 25 lays down the right to equality before the law and prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of sex alone; V.Article 37(e) makes provision for securing just and humane...
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