Labor Law

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* What is private recruitment?

Art. 16. Private recruitment. Except as provided in Chapter II of this Title, no person or entity other than the public employment offices, shall engage in the recruitment and placement of workers.

* What is overseas employment?
Art. 17. Overseas Employment Development Board. An Overseas Employment Development Board is hereby created to undertake, in cooperation with relevant entities and agencies, a systematic program for overseas employment of Filipino workers in excess of domestic needs and to protect their rights to fair and equitable employment practices. It shall have the power and duty: * To promote the overseas employment of Filipino workers through a comprehensive market promotion and development program;  

* To secure the best possible terms and conditions of employment of Filipino contract workers on a government-to-government basis and to ensure compliance therewith;  
* To recruit and place workers for overseas employment on a government-to-government arrangement and in such other sectors as policy may dictate; and  
* To act as secretariat for the Board of Trustees of the Welfare and Training Fund for Overseas Workers.

* Who shall have the power to establish and organized employment offices? Art. 14. Employment promotion. The Secretary of Labor shall have the power and authority: a. To organize and establish new employment offices in addition to the existing employment offices under the Department of Labor as the need arises;  

b. To organize and establish a nationwide job clearance and information system to inform applicants registering with a particular employment office of job opportunities in other parts of the country as well as job opportunities abroad;  

c. To develop and organize a program that will facilitate occupational, industrial and geographical mobility of labor and provide assistance in the relocation of workers from one area to another; and  

d. To require any person, establishment, organization or institution to submit such employment information as may be prescribed by the Secretary of Labor.

* What are being established by the bureautic of employment services?

Art. 15. Bureau of Employment Services.
a. The Bureau of Employment Services shall be primarily responsible for developing and monitoring a comprehensive employment program. It shall have the power and duty: 1. To formulate and develop plans and programs to implement the employment promotion objectives of this Title;  

2. To establish and maintain a registration and/or licensing system to regulate private sector participation in the recruitment and placement of workers, locally and overseas, and to secure the best possible terms and conditions of employment for Filipino contract workers and compliance therewith under such rules and regulations as may be issued by the Minister of Labor;  

3. To formulate and develop employment programs designed to benefit disadvantaged groups and communities;  
4. To establish and maintain a registration and/or work permit system to regulate the employment of aliens;  
5. To develop a labor market information system in aid of proper manpower and development planning;  
6. To develop a responsive vocational guidance and testing system in aid of proper human resources allocation; and  
7. To maintain a central registry of skills, except seamen.  
a. The regional offices of the Ministry of Labor shall have the original and exclusive jurisdiction over all matters or cases involving employer-employee relations including money claims, arising out of or by virtue of any law or contracts involving Filipino workers for overseas employment except seamen: Provided, That the Bureau of Employment Services may, in the case of the National Capital Region, exercise such power, whenever the Minister of Labor deems it appropriate. The decisions of the regional...
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