This paper is submitted by Anupam Basu
LAB (Linear Alkyl Benzene):-
For more than 30 years, UOP has been a leading innovator in the production of LAB. During that time, we’ve developed the state-of-the-art technology you’ll need to ensure that your new or revamped LAB complex operates most efficiently and produces the highest quality product.LAB is the primary raw material used in the production of linear alkyl benzene sulfonate (LAS). LAB is produced from benzene and long chain normal paraffins. Normal paraffins are commonly derived from kerosene using the Molex process.UOP technology is a key element in the production of LAB. Almost all new LAB complexes built in the last two decades have used UOP technology. UOP also specializes in the development of the catalysts, adsorbents and equipment that enable both new and existing operations to produce high quality LAB. Linear alkyl benzene (LAB), a basic petrochemical intermediate is derived by alkylation of benzene starting from n-paraffins feedstock, is used to produce LAS (Linear Alkyl benzene Sulphonate). Linear alkyl benzene sulfonates (LAS) for laundry detergents, light-duty dishwashing liquids, industrial cleaners, for household cleaners. In India IOCL’s Gujarat Refinery, Reliance Jamnagar Refinery too produces LAB for companies like Nirma, P&G, and Godrej.
LAB History ,Uses and Properties:-
In 1939, the soap industry began to create detergents using surfactants that were supplied to the soap manufacturers by the petrochemical industry. Because the synthetic detergents produced from these surfactants were a substantial improvement over soap products in use at the time, they soon gave rise to a global synthetic detergent industry.In the late 1940s, UOP developed a process to economically produce commercial quantities of dodecylbenzene sulfonate (BABS), which became one of the surfactants most widely used in synthetic detergents at that time.In the late 1950s, it was found that BABS had a slow rate of...
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