La Solidaridad

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La Solidaridad
La Solidaridad (English: The Solidarity) was an organization created in Spain on December 13, 1888. Composed of Filipino liberals exiled in 1872 and students attending Europe's universities, the organization aimed to increase Spanish awareness of the needs of its colony, the Philippines, and to propagate a closer relationship between the colony and Spain. Headed by José Rizal's cousin, Galican Apacible, it also issued a newspaper of the same name which was published in Barcelona, Spain on February 15, 1889. It was edited by Graciano López-Jaena and later on by Marcelo H. del Pilar. The newspaper published not only articles and essays about the economic, cultural, political, and social conditions of the country, but also current news, both local and foreign, and speeches of prominent Spanish leaders about the Philippines.

MEMBERS
Dr. Jose Rizal (LaongLaan)
Marcelo H. del Pilar (Plaridel)
Antonio Luna (Taga-Ilog)
Mariano Ponce (Tikbalang)
Jose Maria Panganiban (Jomapa

Other Members
Pedro Paterno
Antonio Maria Regidor
Isabelodelos Reyes
Eduardo de Lete
José Alejandrino
Jumarlim
Robert Lacamra

International Members
Professor Ferdinand Blumentritt (Austrian ethnologist)
Dr. Miguel MoraytaSagrario (Spanish Historian, university professor and statesman)

HISTORY
In order to find a venue where the desire of the Propaganda Movement towards achieving assimilation can be expressed, La Solidaridad was established. The first issue of the La Solidaridad came out on February 15, 1889. Published fortnightly, it served as the principal organ of the reform movement for six years. In general, its funds came from the Comite de Propaganda in the Philippines. Rizal was first offered the position of its editorship. However, he declined because he was very busy annotating Antonio de Morga's Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas in London. In the end, Graciano López-Jaena showed an interest in becoming the editor. On April 25, 1889, La Solidaridad published the letter entitled "The aspirations of the Filipinos" which was written by the Asociación Hispano-Filipina de Madrid (English: Hispanic Filipino Association of Madrid). It pursued desires for: •Representation in the Cortes

Abolition of censure
An expressed and definite prohibition of the existing practices of exiling residents by purely administrative order, and without a writ of execution from the courts of justice. On December 15, 1889, Marcelo H. del Pilar replaced Graciano López-Jaena as the editor of the La Solidaridad. Under his editorship, the aims of the newspaper expanded and drew the attention on politicians and even Spanish ministers. Using propaganda, it pursued desires for: •That the Philippines be a province of Spain

Representation in the Cortes
Filipino priests instead of Spanish friars--Augustinians, Dominicans, and Franciscans--in parishes and remote sitios •Freedom of assembly and speech
Equal rights before the law (for both Filipino and Spanish plaintiffs) After years of publication from 1889 to 1895, La Solidaridad had begun to run out of funds. It ceased publication on November 15, 1895, with 7 volumes and 160 issues. In del Pilar's farewell editorial, he said: “We are persuaded that no sacrifices are too little to win the rights and the liberty of a nation that is oppressed by slavery.” THE ORGANIZATION

Galicano Apacible was the first president of the La Solidaridad. With him was Graciano López-Jaena as vice-president, Mariano Ponce as treasurer, and José Rizal, who was then in London, as Honorary President. Apacible did not remain long enough as president since could not hold the bickering reformists together anymore. What the organization needed were people like Rizal and Marcelo H. del Pilar who could reunite the sentiments of the Filipinos in Spain. La Solidaridad was viewed as a rival organization for Miguel Morayta's Spanish Orient Lodge of Freemasonry. Later, the two organizations...
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