A famous drawing of the future city, La Citta Nouva, is designed by Antonio Sant’s Elia, one of the key people of futurist movement on architecture. The ideology of Sant’ Elia on futurism is expressed in the ‘Messaggio’ and the ‘Manifesto of Futurist Architecture’.1 As a futurist, his text confirms the futurist ideology, however, the drawing of Sant’ Elia on the La Citta Nuova and other works of his show contradiction
Antonio Sant’ Elia was born in 1888. He was an Italian visionary architect who participated in the futurist movement and wrote futurist manifesto. His remarkable work was the design drawing of La Citta Nuova (the New City). Most of his designs were never built since he was killed during World War I as he joined the Italian army. However, his futurist vision has influenced many modern architects. According to the text of Sant’ Elia, many ideas of futurism contradicts with his drawing. The Manifesto condemned static and pyramidal forms as: And I conclude in disfavor of…Perpendicular and horizontal lines, cubic and pyramidal forms, static grave….2
This refusal of the ‘Perpendicular and horizontal lines’ does not agree with the lines existed in 1. Alan Colquhoun, Modern Architecture, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), 100-07. 2. Reyner Banham, Theory and Design in the First Machine Age, (New York: Frederic A. Praeger, 1960), 128-30.
1. Alan Colquhoun, Modern Architecture, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002), 100-07. 2. Reyner Banham, Theory and Design in the First Machine Age, (New York: Frederic A. Praeger, 1960), 128-30.
the drawing. Taking a close look at the building of his design, one can see that the building abounds with perpendicular shape. Some shape of the building looks familiar to the shape of the pyramid. The ideology of futurist architecture supports lightness and permeability, but the drawing presents mass and monumentality3. Sant’ Elia states...