Kurds Culture

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Kurds Culture

NAME

ANT 101 Introductions to Cultural Anthropology
Instructor:

May 28, 2012

The Kurdish Culture

The Kurdish people are an indigenous ethnic minority in the country of Iraq. Little was known of these people, their culture and their fight for equality prior to the Iraq war. Since that time the public has learned of their many plights with the Iraq ruling regime. It is not surprising that when US troops entered Iraq in 2003, the Kurdish people were extremely gratified and welcomed the intervention. The Kurds have a very interesting culture that bares investigation and understanding. Therefore, for the purpose of this essay the focus will be on Kinship, Economics, and Beliefs & Values. Due to the fact in today’s changing events, it is difficult to determine how these very important elements of life will either be sustain and or maintained not to mention implemented.

Outline

I. Kinship

II. Economic

III. Beliefs & Values

Kinship

Economic

Kurds live in the mountainous region of the Middle East where the borders of Turkey,

Syria, Iraq and Iran meet. There are an estimated 20-25 million Kurds throughout the

Middle East. The region they inhabit is sometimes called Kurdistan, although this does

not refer to a political designation. The Kurds have always been a stateless people. Kurds

in Iraq make up 15-20 percent of the Iraqi population of 24 million, or about 4-5 million

people. Kurds are distinct from the Arabs, Turks, and Iranians who live around them. The

number of Kurds in Iraq is a disputed issue, and the Kurds accuse the Iraqi government of

undercounting the Kurds to reduce their status as a significant minority. Their primary

means of surviving is agriculture and animal husbandry. Wheat, barley, rye, and oats are

the principal crops, despite poor soils and natural vegetation in the Kurdish area. The two

most important resources in the area are crude oil and water. Hopefully with

“The new al-Maliki government will ambitiously seek to boost its oil-output capacity

from 2.5 million b/d to 12 million in the next six or seven years/1 If successful, this

would bring Iraq's production up to that of Saudi Arabia, the global leader. Iraq's output

was only 1 .9 million b/d as of November 2010, while the KRG was producing only

100,000 b/d in 2009, when the flow was halted over acrimonious debate with Baghdad

concerning the legality of the KRG contracts with foreign oil companies.

“After consultation with the producing companies, the Ministry has reluctantly decided to

halt exports until further notice. There have been no payments for 10 months, nor any

indication from federal authorities that payments are forthcoming," nor not to mention a

mechanism for paying their production costs. When, and if this issue get resolved this

will most defiantly strengthen the Kurds economic statue considerably. “The resumption of oil exports will not continue until Baghdad pays over US $1 billion on back

payments.” If "The Iraqi government's failure to adhere to their agreements with the

KRG, it will not serve the interests of Iraqi people". "If they commit to

the accords, they will do their utmost to increase exports above the target of 175,000

barrels per day included in the 2012 Iraq budget."

Beliefs and Values

Most Kurds are Muslim, while the reminder follows what is called heterodox religion

(non- traditional, unorthodox) religion. Within the Kurdish ethnic group, there are

variations of Islamic practice. They have been cut into four parts - in the border...
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