Kosovo and the United Nations

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  • Topic: Kosovo, Serbia, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
  • Pages : 6 (2398 words )
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  • Published : May 12, 2013
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Kosovo and International Dispute
Introduction:
The area known formerly as Yugoslavia is historically infamous for its tendency to produce overzealous nationalism in a manner that creates violent conflict over territory. The basis for these conflicts arises through a variety of discrepancies and creates stereotypes around nations which lead to both empathy and disgust on a global scale. A region infamous for its violent conflicts and multiple violations of human rights against citizens from varying nations is that of Kosovo. The violations of this area deserve their own specific attention, but as an issue of global politics, this conflict raises concern over the degree to which international governing bodies should intervene in conflicts of warring nations under the presumption that international liberalism is an inherent responsibility of countries with power. Kosovo: A land of Dispute

The region of former Yugoslavia has been marked by the desire of its inhabitants to seek nationalist identity since its occupation by Hitler’s Axis powers during WWII (BBC). Croatian Fascists sided with Hitler and for this they were allowed to be a puppet state while the rest of former Yugoslavia was persecuted. During this period of occupation, “rival partisans [of Montengro] under Josip Broz Tito, a communist, and Dragoljub Mihailovic, a Serb nationalist, fought the Germans” when not quarreling amongst themselves (BBC). While preoccupied with the defending of its own nation, Serbia let Kosovo- which was still under Serbian governance- become heavily occupied by Albanian and Italian troops. The ending of WWII led to the founding of "the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRJ) which consisted of six republics and two autonomous provinces with near equal rights"; Kosovo being one of those autonomous provinces which Serbia assumed ownership of (Demarin). Josip Broz Tito acquired the presidency of this Republic, but after "Tito died in 1980, a rotating presidency was established, which facilitated one representative from each republic to take turns as president of the SFRJ. This system was created to maintain equality among the republics. After Tito's death there was reluctance to grant so much power to the president. The position therefore had far less authority, but the Yugoslav National Army, 70 percent of which consisted of Serbs, remained under the president’s command" (Demarin) The death of Tito coupled with the demolishing of the Berlin Wall created a dangerous situation for the region. The destruction of the wall symbolized Eastern Europe's recognition of Western idealism and democratic influence which swiftly permeated the region, fueling the nationalism that Tito had worked so hard to effectively curb with communism. This Western influence "raised the national intolerance within the nationally mixed country" and erupted in the form of conflict between "Serbs and Slovenians, Serbs and Albanians in Kosovo and also Serbs and Croats" immediately associating aggressive nationalism with the Serbs as they were involved in all the conflicts of the area. However, the situation created was not as straightforward as it appeared. Serbian conflict with these nations stemmed from the Serbian and Montenegrin proposition of "the strengthening of socialism and guidance of the Alliance of Yugoslavian Communists to create the Great Serbian nation (a country that would include the territories of Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo and Croatia)" which angered Croatian and Slovenian officials. In response to Serbia’s and more specifically Slobadon Milosevic's refusal to accept the succession, "Franjo Tuđman and the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) came to power in Croatia, pushing for independence and enacting an anti-Yugoslavian policy" (Demarin). This movement towards the disassembly of the Republic led Serbia to a form its own Nationalist Movement under Slobodan Milosevic. Milosevic received his power in the same manner that many of...
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