Korean Vietnamise and Congo Wars

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Korean War
1945- Japan retreats its troops that occupied Korea since 1910, US places troops on the south and the USSR places its troops in the North. The 38th parallel was set to divide between soviet and US occupied territory. UN would organize elections for the whole Korean territory. 1948- North Koreans and the USSR oppose the elections, elections were done in South Korea and anti-communist Syngman Rhee is elected president. Opposition is created because of left wing groups created during the Second World War. These groups controlled the great part of the north which becomes the Democratic people’s republic of Korea led by the popular Kim Il Sung, Japanese resistance leader during the second world war. 1949- During the early 1949 skirmishes took place all over the 38th parallel, 400 killed during May. Both North and South were unwilling to accept the division of the country. Rhee tanked of using military forces to unite Korea. US politicians replied that Korea is outside the defense perimeter of the US military. Early 1950- Rhee asks for help for the US for help. No promises of help given. June 25 military forces of North Korea attacked the south. US intervention started two days after the North’s first attack. Truman authorized the sending of air and naval support to South Korea. UN asked North Korea to withdraw the troops and ratify the actions of the US military. USSR was absent during the UN meeting to vote to this decisions. Soldiers from 16 different countries were sent to help South Korea under the command of the US General Douglas MacArthur. August- September 1950- People´s comities are re-established in the invaded areas, showing the nature of this war (conflict over the future development of Korea). With the two hundred and sixty one UN and US ships that arrived to the shore of Inchon, South Korea arranged a counter attack leading the North Korean army to the 30th parallel on September 30. October- November 1950- US goes to the UN for support to continue the campaign North and unite Korea, after approval military forces under general Mac Arthur started moving North. North Korean capital invaded before the 31st of October. During early November the campaign continued, North Korean troops fled to the mountains and the communist collaborators are publicly executed by South Korean army (more than 100,000 killed) by November 28 the UN and US forces arrived to the Sino-Korean border. December 1950- the new communist government of china is alarmed of a possible attack from US. It´s decided to send 200,000 Chines troops to unite with the remaining 150,000 North Korean troops. With this new power the communist made the UN and US forces retreat rapidly. General Mac Arthur recommends the use of nuclear arsenal in the Sino-Korean border. President Truman declares a state of national emergency in the US. By the end on 1950 all land north of the 30th parallel, 45,000 Chinese KIA confirmed. USSR promises supplies and support. 1951- Chinese troops increased to 400,000. US started extensive Napalm bombing, communist respond with guerilla tactics, UN starts “Operation Rat Killer” to get rid of the guerillas. General Mac Arthur is replaced with General Matthew Ridgway due to Mac Arthurs´s constant solicitudes for the use of nuclear arsenal. Under Ridgway bombing continued with “operation Insomnia” in which made the city of Wonsan to ruins (841 days of bombing) and took both sides to start peace talks by July 1951. Peace talks stopped due to the development of the conflict. 1952-53- Eisenhower selected president of the US on the slogan “I shall go to Korea”. Conflict stabilized letting south and North near the 38th parallel. Half of the wounded in US hospitals were there because self-made wounds to avoid the war. 4 million confirmed dead and more than 1 million missing by July 1953. An armistice was signed by both sides on 27th July 1953. Division stayed near the original 38th...
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