Korean Notes

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  • Topic: Syllable, Vowel, Syllable coda
  • Pages : 7 (1198 words )
  • Download(s) : 48
  • Published : April 29, 2013
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| +| | =|     |
k'uh-p'i| | chu-se-yo| | k'uh-p'i    chu-se-yo|
coffee| | give me| | "Give me coffee." " I'd like to have coffee, please."|
issuh-yo| Is there ...?  Is ... there? Do you have ...?  Have you got ...?|issuh-yo| There is ... ;  I have ... ; ... is here   |
up-suh-yo| Is there not ...?  Is ... not there?  Do you not have ...?|
up-suh-yo| There is not ... ; ... is not here ; I don't have ...|
chu-se-yo| Give me ...; I'd like ..., please.|

hah-se-yo| Do you do ...?  Do you speak ...?|

mol-lah-yo| I don't know ; I don't know ...|

cho-ah-yo| Is it good? Do you like it? ; Is ... good?  Do you like ...?|
cho-ah-yo| It's good.  I like it.  Okay ;  ... is good.  I like ...|
uh-dee-ye-yo| Where is ...?|

mwuh-ye-yo| What is ...?|

Number and money

il
1|
ee
2|
sahm
3|
sah
4|
oh
5|
yook
6|
ch'il
7|
pahl
8|
koo
9|

ship
10| ee-ship
20| sahm-ship
30| sah-ship
40| oh-ship
50| yook-ship
60| ch'il-ship
70| pahl-ship
80| koo-ship
90|

paek
100| ee-paek
200| sahm-paek
300| sah-paek
400| oh-paek
500| yook-paek
600| ch'il-paek
700| pahl-paek
800| koo-paek
900|

ch'on
1,000| ee-ch'on
2,000| sahm-ch'on
3,000| sah-ch'on
4,000| oh-ch'on
5,000| yook-ch'on
6,000| ch'il-ch'on
7,000| pahl-ch'on
8,000| koo-ch'on
9,000|

mahn
10,000| ee-mahn
20,000| sahm-mahn
30,000| sah-mahn
40,000| oh-mahn
50,000| yook-mahn
60,000| ch'il-mahn
70,000| pahl-mahn
80,000| koo-mahn
90,000|
"100,000" is  [ship-mahn].  
As you can see, units change every four digits in Korea (and in many other Asian counturies), and adding a comma every three digits ('1,000') is very western custom. "14" is  [ship-sah].  -- 14 = 10+4. 

Similarly, 143 is   [paek-sah-ship-sahm].

tohn| money|

won| the Korean monetary unit|

k'ah-d| credit card|

| Dollar dahl-luh Consonant chart|
Plain| Aspirated| tensed|
ㄱ [k]| ㅋ [k']| ㄲ [kk]|
ㄴ [n]|  |  |
ㄷ [t]| ㅌ[t']| ㄸ [tt]|
ㄹ[ r  /  l ]|  |  |
ㅁ [m]|  |  |
ㅂ [p]| ㅍ[p']| ㅃ [pp]|
ㅅ [s]|  | ㅆ [ss]|
ㅇ [zero / ng ]|  |  |
ㅈ [ch]| ㅊ [ch']| ㅉ[cc]|
ㅎ[h]|  |  |
dictionary order:ㄱ (ㄲ), ㄴ, ㄷ (ㄸ), ㄹ, ㅁ, ㅂ (ㅃ), ㅅ (ㅆ), ㅇ, ㅈ (ㅉ), ㅊ, ㅋ, ㅌ, ㅍ, ㅎAspirated ones are with more puff of air than the plain ones. As for tensed ones, you add more stricture, but without puff of air, when letting out the sound. Tensed ones are difficult for beginners, and many students take long time to acquire the correct pronunciation.ㄱ  is similar to g as in god.ㄲ is similar to k as in sky.ㅋ is similar to k as in kill.ㄷ is similar to d as in do.ㄸ  is similar to t as in stop.ㅌ is similar to t as in two.ㄹ is similar to tt as in butter (not [t] but a flap like a Spanish [r]), in a syllable initial position.ㄹ  is similar to l as in filling, in a syllable final (받침) position.ㅂ  is similar to b as in bad.ㅃ is similar to p as in spy.ㅍ is similar to p as in pool.ㅅ is similar to s as in astronaut.ㅆ is similar to s as in suit.ㅈ is similar to j as in  jail.ㅉ  is similar to tz as in pretzel.ㅊ  is similar to ch as in charge.ㅎ is similar to h as in hat.  Simple| Palatalized| labiovelarized|  | ㅏ [a]| ㅑ [ya]|  |  |

ㅐ [ae]| ㅒ [yae]|  |  |
ㅓ [o^]| ㅕ [yo^]|  |  |
ㅔ [e]| ㅖ [ye]|  |  |
ㅗ [o]| ㅛ [yo]| ㅘ [wa]  
ㅙ [wae] | ㅚ [oe]|
ㅜ [u]| ㅠ [yu]| ㅝ [wo^] 
ㅞ [we] | ㅟ [ui]|
ㅡ [u^]|  |  | ㅢ[u^i]|
ㅣ [i]|  |  |  |
dictionary order:ㅏ(ㅐ, ㅒ), ㅑ, ㅓ (ㅔ, ㅖ), ㅕ, ㅗ (ㅘ, ㅙ, ㅚ), ㅛ, ㅜ (ㅝ, ㅞ, ㅟ), ㅠ, ㅡ (ㅢ), ㅣㅏ is similar to "Ah".ㅑ is similar to "yard".ㅓ is similar to "cut".ㅕ is similar to "just" or "Eliot".ㅗ is similar to "order".ㅛ is similar to " Yoda".ㅜ is similar to " Ungaro".ㅠ is similar to "you".ㅡ is similar to "good" or "le chatau".ㅣ is similar to "easy".ㅐ is similar to "add".ㅒ is similar to "yam".ㅔ is similar to " editor".ㅖ is similar to " yes".ㅘ is similar to " Wow!" or "what".ㅙ is...
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