Korean Basic Language

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Korean Basic Language

By | July 2010
Page 1 of 15
Lesson 1 Hangul Alphabet System
Vowels : -

"a""ya""eo""yeo""o"


"yo""oo" or "u""yoo" or "yu""eu""i"

Consonants : -

"g" or "k""n""d" or "t"" r " or " l ""m"


"b" or "p""s"-" ch "" ch' "


" g' " or " k' "" d' "" p' "" h "

Note that " ' " means the letter is aspirated, i.e a sharp sound.

ㅎ +ㅏ +ㄴ =han
han

ㄱ +ㅜ +ㄱ =guk
guk 한국 pronounced HanGuk meaning Korea
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Lesson 2 Double Vowels (모음)

eiryeirereyerewawherewoweo


weouwei

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Lesson 3 Use of Consonants (자음) and Vowels (모음)
Vowels in the korean languages may be attached to the left, right or beneath each other in order to form a word, the following are examples of their use : -

가 = ka거 = keo겨 = kyeo
갸 = kya기 = ki고 = ko

바 = pa버 = peo부 = pu
뵤 = pyo지 = chi저 = cheo
즈 = chu조 = cho마 = ma
머 = meo무 = mo나 = na
너 = neo이 = i야 = ya
디 = ti고 = ko댜 = tya
요 = yo오 = o도 = to
드 = tu두 = too그 = ku

When constructing a word, you must add a mixture of consonants and vowels, beginning with the consonant at the beginning of the word. In some cases, there is no need to use a consonant at the beginning in which case ㅇ (null character) is used. ㅇ+=a

++=rum
++=kam
++=kkoong
++=ot
++ㅂㅅ=eop
++=kkot
++=han
++=guk
More on constructing words
A syllable that consists of a consonant and a "vertical vowel" is written with the consonant on the left and the vowel on the right ㄴ + ㅏ = 나
n + a = na
A syllable that consists of a consonant and a "horizontal vowel" is written with the consonant on top and the vowel underneath: ㅁ + ㅗ = 모
m + o = mo

If a syllable has a...
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