Korea Educational System

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Korea is a country that has been successful in developing many industries, especially those of technology and education, within a short period of time. Korea’s advancement in mass media has been quite remarkable in the recent years. In addition, Korean pop music, also known as “K-Pop,” is spreading all around the world, causing people’s interest in Korean culture to grow. Moreover, as Korea becomes more well-known for its entertainment industry, residents of other countries consider Korea as a tourist destination. However, this fast growth is accompanied by some side effects. Some people are not able to keep up with the speed of these industries’ progress, so even though Korea has achieved much success, still not everyone can follow these changes immediately. Korea also faces air and water pollution that are evident around the country, especially in the capital, Seoul. This sudden change also encourages an increase in Korea’s crime rate because of the growing gap between the rich and the poor. Consequently, in an effort to protect themselves from becoming a part of the less fortunate population, Koreans obsess over how or what can help them achieve the most success. Hence, education becomes not only an opportunity but eventually an obsession. Due to the overt obsession for a better quality of life, most Koreans study and work extremely hard, giving up leisure time that is important for their overall emotional and mental stability. In fact, Korea’s obsession with education is the root of many problems, so Korea should counteract this by adopting some aspects of the American educational system. In the past, countries foreign to Korea held more importance than its own. Instead of focusing on the development of its own industries, Korea constantly waited on its neighbors. As Korea left behind its past of Japanese colonial rule, it became more open to the idea of international relations, such as acceptance of Japanese pop culture. Due to this social change, Korea is adapting to the modernization of the world, starting with the “Korean Wave.” The Korean entertainment industry is gaining more momentum in not only Korea itself but also other countries, including the United States. Korean culture is becoming more prevalent in mass media as Korean pop singers and bands, drama mini-series, and films develop an international popularity. Moreover, Korea’s tourist industry is indirectly affected by this progress in the entertainment industry. Alongside this popularity, Korea has been successfully attracting an influx of tourists interested in the advertised sites. Some of these tourists’ main plan is to visit specific places in Korea, and unexpectedly stumble on more that interest them. Jeong Suk argues that “Korean pop culture is producing its own “cultural imperialism by expanding into neighboring Asian markets” and increasing awareness about various aspects of the Korean culture” (489-504). In addition, the development of the technology has proceeded at an unprecedented pace. Decision makers in the private sector and government policy makers greatly considered science and technology as key elements in the early 1980s. Hyeon-Ju Ahn and Jia S. Mah write that “the 1980s can be regarded as the beginning of the process of transition from Korea as a learner or borrower of foreign technology, to being a creator of new products and processes […]” (4).Korea began to learn and borrow from other countries’ technology in an effort to develop its industry standards. To make this effort a reality, both the public and private sectors started spending extravagantly on memory chip development to transform its outdated structure toward one that is centralized on high-tech industries. After 1993, the government set a policy goal that assigned the public sector to take responsibility for the advancement of foundation technology, while the private sector focused on the development of specific products. For the past ten years or so, Korea has been one of...
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