Kohlberg and Carol Gilligans Theories

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Lawrence Kohlberg and Carol Gilligan is both Psychologists’ that are attempting to identify the diversity of morals upon both genders of the human race. Kohlberg and Gilligan conducted studies on young men and women. Kohlberg assessing males, while Gilligan assessing females. In the following paragraphs, I will be discussing which development I agree with, as well as the accuracy of each Psychologist’s performance, as they explain the differences between each sex. I will make a distinction between each psychologist and how they may or may not be contradicting themselves, as well as compile enough information to comprehend if both theories may be combined. The Lawrence Kohlberg theory studies on young males and how they interact with each other as they grow up to construct their own decisions in life. Lawrence Kohlberg revises the progress through six different stages of moral development. Within the textbook pages of 24-26, the first stage of Kohlberg’s theory tells us how “It is characterized by the type of moral thinking found in elementary”. Stage two introduces “Individualism and egoism, as the motivation for moral decision is one’s own best interest”. Stages three Kohlberg referred to as “good boy/girl” because this stage is the desire the approval of others, this meaning also follows into stage four, having almost the same meaning just additional with “societal laws and the obligations of duty”. Once reaching to the stages of five and six Kohlberg did not believe that many individuals would reach this level. Stage five leans towards “social contract”, meaning in this stage, one must figure social independency and demonstrate the concern for the wellbeing of others. Stage six moves towards the motivation of “universal principles” and “individual conscience”, whereas Carlo Gillian noted on Kohlberg’s studies that stated, “Kohlberg’s studies involved only boys and young men”. For that reason, Gillian made his research studies more to the emotional and...
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