The stage theory developed by Lawrence Kohlberg was somewhat different than other theories, for a couple of reasons. First, Kohlberg did not assign specific age spans to each stage; in fact, he hypothesized that many people never reach the final stage, no matter how long they live. Second, Lawrence Kohlberg didn’t deal with psychological or cognitive development, as previous stage theorists had. Instead, Kohlberg focused his theory on the development of moral reasoning in children and adults. Lawrence Kohlberg believed that moral thinking progressed through a series of six stages, which could be grouped into three general stages. The first general stage is called pre-conventional. In this stage, moral reasoning starts out as being totally based on the notion of punishment and reward, and progresses toward a realization that acting according to the laws of punishment and reward benefits oneself. This stage of moral reasoning is found in young children.
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