Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development

Topics: Big Five personality traits, Personality psychology, Psychology Pages: 3 (1015 words) Published: September 26, 2005
Per·son·al·i·ty [pùrs'n állətee] (plural per·son·al·i·ties) noun 1. somebody's set of characteristics: the totality of somebody's attitudes, interests, behavioral patterns, emotional responses, social roles, and other individual traits that endure over long periods of time. Encarta ® World English Dictionary © & (P) 1998-2004 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

Every person has a personality. With every person comes a unique and different personality. Some people have similar personalities and some are very different. There has been a lot of research on personalities and how people describe one other. A new model has been widely used today and often replaces the once popular Meyers-Briggs Type Indication (MBTI). This new standard includes five dimensions of personality, a model based on experience, not theory, personality traits based on strength of score and a stress on individual personality traits, not types. The five dimensions were nicknamed the "Big Five".

The "Big Five" personality test was established by psychologist Warren Norman in a popular 1963 study . It is said that he worked with Lewis Goldberg on this study. Paul Costa and Robert McCrae were another research team that took a slightly different road but came to the same conclusion as Norman and Goldberg. It is based on the "Big Five" theory of personality. Five major broad dimensions have been discovered. Costa and McCrae's version is often called the OCEAN model of personality. It is the acronym from the names of these five dimensions. The following "Big Five" personalities are Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism (Emotional Stability). These dimensions resulted by a statistical procedure know as factor analysis. Researchers asked thousands of people hundreds of questions and then analyzed the data. There are several available tests on the "Big Five" that a person can take to see where they measure on each personality dimension. Each is a...
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