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MATERIAL ATERIAL REQUIREMENTS EQUIREMENTS PLANNING LANNING
MRP MRP

Report produced for the EC funded project INNOREGIO: dissemination of innovation and knowledge management techniques

by Dr Vassilis Moustakis Ass. Prof., Director Management Systems Lab D. of Production and Management Engineering

Technical University of Crete

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A N U A R Y

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MATERIALS REQUIREMENTS PLANNING-MANUFACTURING RESOURCE PLANNING

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Contents
1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 4 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Description .........................................................................................................................2 What is the Material Requirements Planning IMT.......................................................2 MRP objectives ..........................................................................................................3 Methodology of a MRP project implementation / alternative techniques .....................4 Generic model for implementing MRP .......................................................................5 Organizational measures for effective MRP implementation .......................................5 Classes of MRP user/companies .................................................................................6 Application .......................................................................................................................13 Where the technique has being applied .....................................................................13 Types of firms / organizations that MRP can be applied ............................................13 Duration and implementation cost of MRP ...............................................................14 Conditions for implementation..................................................................................15 Organizations Supporting the Implementation of MRP .............................................15 Implementation Procedure of MRP ...................................................................................15 Steps / Phases of a MRP project................................................................................15 Partial techniques and tools included in each step......................................................17 Related Software ......................................................................................................17 Bibliographic references ...................................................................................................19 Annex...............................................................................................................................20 ANNEX A: Example MRP Application ....................................................................20 Forecasting demand..........................................................................................20 Master Production Schedule .............................................................................21 Bill of Materials (Product Structure) File ..........................................................21 Inventory Records (Item Master) File ...............................................................22 Running the MRP Program ..............................................................................22 Obtainability Control........................................................................................25

INNOREGIO project Dr V. Moustakis Technical University of Crete

MATERIALS REQUIREMENTS PLANNING-MANUFACTURING RESOURCE PLANNING

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1

DESCRIPTION
Material Requirements Planning is a time phased priority-planning technique that calculates material requirements and schedules supply to meet demand across all products and parts in one or more plants. Information Technology plays a major role in designing and implementing Material Requirements Planning systems and processes as it provides information about manufacturing needs...
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