International Journal of Management
Vol. 23 No. 1
Knowledge Management Processes in International Business Alliances: A Review of Empirical Research, 1990-2003 Rangamohan V. Eunni Youngstown State University Ram R. Kasuganti Youngstown State University Anthony J. Kos Youngstown State University In this study, we first carried out a survey of empirical research studies on knowledge management processes in international business alliances published during the years 1990-2003, and organized them using two dimensions: the process focus of a study knowledge creation/transfer, and the research objective— theory testing/theory building. We had then examined the research approaches employed to conduct these studies, and categorized the latter using the dimensions: the type of data - cross-sectional / longitudinal, and the method of analysis - qualitative/quantitative. The insights gained from this two-pronged analysis are used to make some recommendations on appropriate research approaches to further our understanding of knowledge management processes in international business alliances. With the emergence of the knowledge based view (Nonaka, 1991; Nonaka &Takeuchi, 1995) that extrapolated the insights provided by the resource based view of the firm (Penrose, 1959; Barney, 1991), and the rapid increase in the 1990s of the use of international strategic partnerships such as joint ventures and strategic alliances by multinational enterprises to conduct business worldwide (Mowery, Oxley & Silverman, 1996), knowledge management issues in cross-border alliances have engaged the attention of academic scholarship in the last decade of the 20th century. Theoretical postulations concerning the creation, transfer and application of knowledge in business firms generally have been subjected to substantial empirical research in the context of international alliances designed both to test hypotheses to validate the existing theories as well as to generate new...