* can states protect human rights when facing a terrorist threat- NO, because by doing so they become more exposed to terrorist attacks. * Effective counter-terrorism: curtailment of physical rights (Bush and Obama). * Extraordinary rendition
* Physically abusive interrogation practices
* Unchecked surveillance and wiretapping
* Recent findings suggest otherwise.
Types of Physical Integrity abuse and terrorism
* Four elements of physical integrity rights:
* Torture, political imprisonment w/o due process, disappearances, and extrajudicial killings by gov’t officials. * Goal: investigate how the use of high-quality data can produce results about counterterrorism policies. * Experiment:
* Measured four negative regression models for 142 countries from 1981 to 2004. * 2 dependent variables: incidents of borth domestic and international terrorist attacks occurring as reported by the Global Terrorism Database and incidents of international attacks. * Independent variables: measurements obtained from the human rights database. * In two of the models: governments that refrain from imprisoning citizens for political reasons experience less domestic and international terrorism.
Discussion: Problems and Strategies:
* Findings suggest that restricting human rights actually fuels terrorism. * Main issues concerning the quality and format of the data: * ITERATE: only includes transnational terrorist attacks where victims and targets are of different nationalities. (most terrorist attacks include victims of the same nationality). * Political Terror Scale and the Cingranelli-Richards data use annual reports from amnesty and the state department to code abuses on ordinal scales. * The use of this may mask substantial differences across country-years. * Ex: 3-value ordinal scale for torture (0-...