At Home Essay #1
September 27, 2012
King Se-jong the Great
Do you know how many kings have the title of ‘great’? There have been
many kings all over the world, but only a few kings have the ‘great’ title. Se-jong
the Great is only one king has the title in Chosun, which was Korea between
1300s and 1900s. Se-jong the Great, who ruled Chosun between 1418 and 1450,
was the 4th king of the Chosun dynasty. He liked to read books of every sort and
kind, and he learned a lot from the books. He used his wisdom and people well
to rule the country, so he became the greatest king in Chosun.
He was the most scholarly king. He made a research institution. He took
men of talent into the research institution and encouraged them to their research.
He made some groups of researches such as farming, music, science, Korean
characters, etc. Most of the researches was successful. He made a sun clock and
water clock. He made a sun clock in 1300. People could know the time by the
sun and shadow; however, it had a problem. People only knew the time when it is
day time and a sunny day, so he made another clock. It was a water clock, which
was the first automatic clock in the world, in 1300. The water clock went by
dropping water each second, and the clock rang a bell automatically at every
exact hour. He made an accurate calendar. Before he made the calendar, people
used the Chinese calendar. The Chinese calendar was different from Chosun’s
seasons, so he and his scholars compared the stars’ movements and calendars
from Arabia, India, and China. They made a new calendar, and it was accurate.
There was only one second gap between the new calendar and calendar of today.
In short, he fostered developing technology and culture by encouraging scholars,
and his creativities and ways of ruling the people were worth admiring.
In addition, He was the most affectionate king....