8 January 2013
King Charles II
When we think of a King we have a Royal figure in mind that is chosen or while others are not, to rule their country, an extravagant non-ordinary person. What about the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. That was King Charles II, an extra ordinary person that the people loved, especially the women. Charles the Second was a man of high stature who accomplished good deeds and was a very merry monarch behind the scenes.
Exactly who was Charles II? He was born May 29, 1630. Charles II was the eldest son of King Charles I of England and Queen Henrietta Maria. Preparations were made for the young prince to be baptized in July. The baptism of a prince is an important affair, and there was one circumstance which gave a peculiar interest to that of the infant Charles. Charles, took the title of Prince of Wales, but was never formally invested with it due of the Civil War that broke out violently in 1642 (BioChannel). During the Civil War, he had rendered valuable assistance to his fathers’ side by hiding in all the oak trees he could find (Britannia). He was twelve years old when the Civil war broke out between the Royalist who supported the monarchy and the Parliamentarians who were led by Oliver Cromwell (BioChannel). The country became a virtual dictatorship led by Cromwell a puritan who banned Christmas (BioChannel). He was forced to flee to France in 1646, and lived in Europe with family members. His father, the King, was executed on January 30, 1649 while at the White Hall in London (BioChannel). After his dad’s death, he was assumed to be the throne of Scotland, on the understanding that he would sign the Scottish Covenant; he was later crowned on January 1, 1651. In Scotland he also found the support to mount a challenge to Oliver Cromwell, he was defeated at the Battle of Worcester in 1651, and is said to have hidden in an oak tree escaping to the continent in disguise (BioChannel). He was thus very romantic and popular and was able after the death of Cromwell to descend the throne (Britannia). Charles remained abroad until after the death of Oliver Cromwell and was declared king by Parliament on 8 May 1660. Charles II was crowned at West Minister Abbey on 23 April, 1661. Charles II was definitely not your average teenager.
During Charles II rule, England changed quiet an extraordinary amount. Unlike some Kings, Charles II actually cared about his country. He was most interested in religion and war. Charles was in favor of religious toleration and a declaration issued by him in October 1660 aroused great hopes; but he made little effort to conciliate the Presbyterians or to effect a settlement. Through savory conference, and his real object was to gain power all factions and to free his co-religionists (Jokinen). He was also tolerant in religious matters but more from political wisdom that overwhelming morality (Britannia). His political adaptability and his knowledge of men enabled him to steer his country through the convolutions of the struggle between Anglicans, Catholics, and dissenters that marked much of the reign (BioChannel). Thus, Charles emerged into precocious maturity, cynical, self indulgence, skilled in the sort of moral evasions that make like comfortable even in adversity (Encyclopedia). Charles tried to fight his father’s battles in the west of England in 1645. He resisted the attempts of his mother and his sister Anne to convert him to Catholicism and remarried openly loyal to his protestant faith.
Like any other King, he was also very prompt about the military and the protection of his country. The Militia Act of 1661 gave Charles unprecedented authority to maintain a standing army and the Corporation Act of 1661 allowed him to purge the boroughs of distended officials (Encyclopedia). The navigation acts of 1660 and 1663 which had been prompted by the threat to British shipping of the rise of the Dutch carrying...
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