Kinds of Narratives
Kinds of Narratives
| Usual Characters
| Possible Settings
| Typical Elements
| Adventures are exciting stories with fast action.
| heroes, heroines, villains, explorers, spies, astronauts, scientists, sailors, pirates
| a dangerous place, such as a mountain, woods, a jungle, a desert, the ocean, or outer space
| * Main character faces an extremely dangerous or difficult situation. * Wit, physical skills, and a will to survive help the main character overcome the problem.
| Fables are stories that teach a lesson or moral.
| animals that speak and act like humans
| may or may not be described; does not effect the plot
| * Through the words and actions of the animals, the story shows how foolish or wise people can be. * Often has a lot of dialogue. * One animal usually outwits the other animal.
| Fairy tales are stories in which impossible things happen.
| kings, queens, princes, princesses, peasants, giants, elves, beings with unusual powers, animals that talk or change to human form
| “once upon a time in a land far, far away”
| * Main character usually gets help from an object or a being with unusual characters. * Main characters usually live “happily ever after.”
| Fantasy stories have characters, settings, and plots that are not found in the real world.
| unusual beings or creatures, talking animals, toys or other objects that come alive
| an imaginary place in the past, present, or future
| * Actions and descriptions may be exaggerated to make them more exciting. * Characters may travel backward or forward in time.
| Folktales are stories from different cultures that were passed on by storytellers and much later written down.
| ordinary people, talking animals, beings with unusual powers
| some time in the past, often in a faraway land
| * A lesson about human nature may be told. * Good triumphs over evil. * Kind, honest and sensible characters are rewarded. Selfish, lazy, and greedy characters punished....
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