Kindergarten Curriculum

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Republic of the Philippines Department of Education DepEd Complex, Meralco Avenue Pasig City

K to 12 Curriculum Guide

KINDERGARTEN

January 31, 2012

K TO 12 – KINDERGARTEN

I. INTRODUCTION “The first years of life are important because what happens in early childhood can matter in a lifetime.” (Harvard, 2009) The Department of Education (DepEd) having been a strong advocate of early childhood education has implemented various programs for preschoolers for decades now. The Department further strengthens this through the inclusion of kindergarten in the K to 12 basic education curriculum in the country. DepEd believes Kindergarten is a transition stage between informal literacy and formal literacy (grade 1-12). This is the period of greatest growth and development, when the brain develops most rapidly, almost at its fullest. It is a period when walking, talking, self- esteem, vision of the world and moral foundations are established. Children at this stage should be immersed with activities, games, and plays to naturally acquire the skills/competencies appropriate for their holistic development as emergent literates and be ready for formal school. According to National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) kindergarten is a critical year where children’s experiences nurture positive approaches to learning and prepare children for the more rigorous academic expectations of the primary grades (NAEYC, 2009). Therefore, kindergarten teachers should guide the learners using an engaging and creative curriculum that is developmentally appropriate. Republic ACT 10157 also known as the Kindergarten Education Act which was signed into law by President Benigno Aquino III on Jan. 20 makes kindergarten “the first stage of compulsory and mandatory formal education.” For public schools, the kindergarten education program will be free of tuition and other school fees. With the Kindergarten Education Act, the kindergarten education program will be comprised of one year of preschool education for children aged five and above. The act also pushes for the conceptualization and development of a regular training program for kindergarten teachers to ensure that teaching styles, methodologies and approaches are always in line with modern trends in and issues on education.

K to 12 Curriculum Guide - Kindergarten – version as of January 31, 2012

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K TO 12 – KINDERGARTEN
II. FRAMEWORK The Kindergarten Curriculum Framework draws from the principles and goals of the K to 12 Philippine Basic Education Curriculum Framework. It is likewise aligned with National Early Learning Framework (NELF). It clearly depicts the developmental tasks and milestones of 5 to 6 year-olds and how educators can guide them to develop holistically.

Figure 1. The Kindergarten Curriculum Framework K to 12 Curriculum Guide - Kindergarten – version as of January 31, 2012 2

K TO 12 – KINDERGARTEN

The framework is composed of two parts. The rectangular figures show the teaching-learning theoretical bases, beginning with the comprehensive Developmentally Appropriate Practices (DAP), then moving up to the principles and leading to the approaches. The circle consists of three main components, (1) Developmental Domains, (2) Learning Areas, and the (3) Curricular Themes. At the center is the Filipino child who is envisioned to be functionally literate and holistically developed.

A. PRINCIPLES A developmentally appropriate curriculum is one that is age-appropriate, individually appropriate and socio-culturally appropriate ( NAEYC, 2009) This Kindergarten framework considers the developmental benchmarks of Filipino five-year-olds, recommends the use of strategies that address needs and interests of the learners, and uses the mother tongue as medium of instruction. Kindergarteners are constantly developing in the different domains (cognitive, language, physical, creative and aesthetic, socio-emotional, and values and character). The...
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