Khudiram Bose

Topics: Indian independence movement, Revolutionary movement for Indian independence, Bengali people Pages: 10 (3509 words) Published: September 22, 2012
Khudiram Bose
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Khudiram Bose|
Born| December 3, 1889
Habibpur, Midnapur|
Died| 11 August 1908 (aged 18)|
Nationality| Indian|
Known for| Indian freedom fighter|
Khudiram Bose (Bengali: ক্ষুদিরাম বসু Khudiram Boshu) (3 December 1889 – 11 August 1908) was a Bengali revolutionary, one of the youngest revolutionaries early in the Indian independence movement. At the time of his hanging, he was 18 years, 7 months 11 days old—barely a legal adult. Contents  [hide]  * 1 Early life * 2 Revolutionary activities * 3 The Muzaffarpur killing * 4 Capture and aftermath * 5 Trial, sentencing and martyrdom * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links| -------------------------------------------------

[edit]Early life
Khudiram Bose was born on 3 December 1889 in the village Habibpur near the town of Midnapur in the Midnapore district of West Bengal. His father Trailokyanath Basu was the revenue agent of the town of the Nadazol province. His mother was Lakshmipriya Devi. He was the fourth child after 3 daughters — Aparupa, Sarojini and Nanibala (two previous sons had died in infancy). taken over by superstitious fear of another case of infant mortality, the mothers , going along with the then prevailing rural/folk custom, symbolically "gave up" all social rights on her only surviving male child, and "sold" the baby to her eldest daughter Aparupa for 3 handfuls of "khud", or foodgrain. Thus the baby, who was "bought" in exchange of "khud", came to be named "Khudiram", and brought up wholly from that moment by his eldest sister. -------------------------------------------------

[edit]Revolutionary activities
Khudiram earned the reputation of a dare-devil, maverick and adventurer even before reaching adolescence. In 1902 and 1903, when Sri Aurobindo (who was in the earlier stage of his life a revolutionary leader and ideologue) and Sister Nivedita respectively visited Medinipur and held a series of public lectures along with secret planning sessions with the revolutionary groups; Khudiram was among the teenage student community of the town which was fired up with a burning inspiration of revolution. In 1904, Khudiram followed Amrita, his sister's husband Aparupa, when Amrita was given a job-transfer from Tamluk to town Medinipur. There Khudiram enrolled in the Medinipur Collegiate School. It was from then that Khudiram took his first decisive steps towards choosing the path that would make him a boy-martyr. He joined a newly formed "akhra" or club created and patronised by some people who were active in the socio-political sphere. In no time Khudiram become a cynosuree of everybody's eyes in that group for his unbounded enthusiasm for social service, his adventurous spirit and leadership qualities, and his excellence in physical culture and training. Bose was inspired by his teacher Satyendranath Bose and readings of the Bhagavad Gita, which helped him embrace revolutionary activities aimed at ending the British Raj. He was especially disillusioned with the British following the partition of Bengal in 1905. He joined Jugantar - a party of revolutionary activists. At the young age of sixteen, Bose planted bombs near police stations and targeted government officials. He was arrested three years later on charges of conducting a series of bomb attacks. The specific bombing for which he was sentenced to death resulted in the deaths of 3 persons. -------------------------------------------------

[edit]The Muzaffarpur killing
Khudiram and Prafulla Chaki were sent to the region called Motijhil in Muzaffarpur, Bihar. On reaching the town, they took up residence in the 'dharmashala' of Kishorimohan Bandopadhyay....
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