One of the most famous poet in Iran is Omar Khayyam (1048-1123.) In his own treatise (Rubayiat) he named himself “Abolfath Omar Ibn Ibrahim Alkhayyami,” but in his poems he named himself Khayyam which means tentmaker. This name derives from his father’s trade. In his Rubayiat, he used the word “tent” a lot of times. Khayyam besides being a poet was a philosopher, mathematician and astronomer. His poems are controversial. There are many arguments between those that support him and the style of his poems and those who oppose him. Those that support him want to talk about his poems and show others how meaningful they are and those that are against his poems will pick anything whether small or big to criticize. Three things that are controversial in his poems are his ideas about God, wine and living in the present.
The first thing about his poems that is controversial is his concept about God. Khayyam said that God means love and there is no reason to be afraid of him. God is forgiveness. As it is clear from one of his poems he said that there are no worries about not being forgiven. The love of God is enormous that He will not count small sins. Khayyam’s concept of God’s forgiveness can be appreciated in the following lines: “Happily I walked with the tavern down the line, passed and old drunk, holding a bottle of wine, ‘do you not fear God?’ Was reproach of mine said, ‘Mercy is God’s sign,’ in silence I wine and dine.” There are two views about him; those who are opposed to him consider him as an atheist that does not even accept that there is a God. They say that he does not believe in an afterlife and since he does not believe that there will be a reward or punishment in the afterlife he is totally unbelievable. Their claim can be proved through these verses: “ If with wine you are drunk be happy, if seated with a moon-faced(beautiful), be happy, since the end purpose of the universe is nothing-ness; Hence picture your nothing-ness, then while you are, be happy.” There is another poem of his which is one of the most famous which is regarding the same concept, that Khayyam did not believe in an afterlife or a day of judgment, which the poem reads:” Heaven is incomplete without a heavenly romance, let a glass of wine be my present circumstance, take what is here now, let go of a promised chance, a drumbeat is best heard from a distance,” In this verse, he means that in heaven there will be a heavenly romance which is very good but what he counts as being good is the wine while he can have the wine in this world why should he think of something that he does not have today and is just a promise in the afterlife, so he will enjoy what he has now instead of thinking about something that he is not sure of it. There is another verse that is very strong and make the opponents to be serious about hating him. this verse reads: “Tonight I shall embrace a gallon cup/ With at least two cups of wine I’ll sup/ I’ll divorce my mind and religion stop/ With daughter of vine, all night I’ll stay up.” This quote is very harsh of talking about religion which raises the opponent’s hates. In this quote Khayyam says that he will divorce his mind and his religion and will get the daughter of vine, which obviously will make religious people angry of his belief about religion .In the other hand there is another view about him which is for those that are his supporters, they accept that he does not have a popular religion and he is devout but still he does believe that there is a God as he mentions Him a lot of times throughout his Rubaiat. One of his poems is as follows: “Enjoy wine and women and don’t be afraid, God has compassion.” his supporters know that he believed in God in a very positive and good way. His belief about God was not in a scary way. He knew God in a different way, in a way that God is kind and He loves happiness and joy. For Khayyam God loves everyone and forgive them easily. In addition, the above verse shows Khayyam’s...
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