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Danale Frison
Civics/Period A
April 5, 2013

Roe V Wade : Abortion

For years there has been aroused passion and controversy on the right to an abortion. In the 1960’s there was no federal law regulating abortion, but many states had banned the practice, with the only exception being if the mother of the unborn child was endangered.

Many women groups argued that making abortions illegal lead pregnant women to seek black market abortions by unlicensed doctors or perform the procedure themselves; which were both very dangerous. As a result many states, such as California and New York began to legalize abortions. But with no definitive ruling of the federal government, women groups sought the opinion of the Supreme Court.

The fight began in Texas, which outlawed any type of abortion unless a doctor determined the mother’s life was in grave danger. Jane Roe was an unmarried and pregnant Texas resident in 1970 that “filed suit against Wade, the district attorney of Dallas County, contesting the statue on the grounds that it violated the guarantee of personal liberty and the right to privacy implicitly guaranteed in the First, Fourth, Fifth, Ninth, and Fourteenth Amendments.” After two years of hearing evidence, the Court invalidated the Texas law by a 7-2 vote. They used the same reason as the Griswold v. Connecticut decision. The majority of the justices said that a right to privacy was implied by the Ninth and Fourteenth Amendments. No state could restrict abortions during the first three months, or trimester, of a pregnancy, although the practice could be banned during the third trimester. Any state law that conflicted with this ruling was automatically overturned.

Since then abortions have been legal in many states, including Connecticut. Planned Parenthood clinics have become local battlegrounds over the abortion controversy. Since they providing safe, inexpensive abortions, protesters regularly picket outside their offices. Abortion will always...
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