Topics: Petroleum, Keystone Pipeline, Athabasca Oil Sands Pages: 4 (1343 words) Published: May 7, 2013
Kent Clark

Andrew Watson

ENG 1020-057


Annotated Bibliography

Biello, David. "A dirty business." Scientific American 308.2 (2013): 14. The author describes the dirty tar oil sands in Alberta, Canada. His main focus is about global warming and climate change. This article is relevant to my final essay because its main focus is on how the pipeline affects global warming. Biello explains that these oil sands emit twice as much greenhouse gas per barrel compared to Saudi Arabia’s oil. He believes that some environmental scientists see tapping the oil sands as a disastrous tipping point for global warming. His perspective is that we seek to reduce our dependency on fossil fuels.

Koening, Brian. “Approving The Keystone XL Pipeline.” New American. 27 .20 12 Mar 2011: 15-18. The author in this newspaper article gives more of an opposition to my other sources. He is trying to persuade people into approving the pipeline. Koening says pipelines do occasionally leak but does not believe it will contaminate the water supply for millions. Him saying this leaves me to believe that he doesn’t know the importance of the Ogallala aquifer. Which is a huge topic of persuasion for me in my final essay. Koening somewhat bashes environmentalists in this article and portrays global warming to be not that important of an issue. His approval of the pipeline will be an important factor for my final essay because his viewpoints are contrast of mine. Lovell, Bryan. Challenged by Carbon The Oil Industry and Climate Change. 1st. 1. New York City: Cambridge University Press, 2010. 1-196. Here the author challenges both sides of the debate between the environmentalists and the oil industry. Lovell is a geologist, oilman, academic author and erstwhile politician, which makes him a very reliable source to fall back on. He wants people to take responsibility towards elected officials because we need to establish an international framework of policy and...
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