Key Terms for Civil Rights

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Civil Rights- rights that are guaranteed to the citizens of the United States by the Constitution and by the laws of the nation and the states

Segregation- separation of people due to because of their race. In the South blacks weren’t aloud to use the same bathrooms, drinking fountains, schools, hotels, and restaurants as white people, ect.

Desegregation- ending of the separation of race between white and black races

Discriminate- an attitude of others that dent the rights of others based on religion, race, sex, and so forth

Non-violence- a policy of rejecting violence in a favor of peaceful tactics to gain one’s objective, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. used this practice.

Civil Disobedience- non-violent opposition to a government policy or law by refusal to perform

Freedom Summer Project-

Emmett Till Murder 1955-Emmett Till was dared to go up to a woman in the store and he did and bought candy. The woman said “Bye Baby” as he was leaving and since he was black rumors went all around town. The woman’s husband came looking for him and murdered him

Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955- African Americans were upset that Rosa Parks was arrested because she refused to leave her seat and they boycotted. African Americans refused to use the bus and hope that it would hurt the companies and stop segregation.

Little Rock, Arkansas 1957- Faubus called out the National Guard in 1957 to keep African American students from going to and all-white Central High School is Little Rock. Then Eisenhower sent federal troops because he was defying a law and then blacks were able to attend

Sit-ins, Greensboro, North Carolina 1960- Sit-ins were a protest of sitting and refusing to leave. The first one took place in Greensboro, North Carolina at a lunch counter because of the shutdown to sit there

March on Washington 1963- more than 200,000 Americans marched in D.C because they wanted congress to pass laws to end discrimination and to help the poor

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