Key Terms

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APUSH Key Terms Ch. 25
1.Jane Addams the founder of Hull House, which provided English lessons for immigrants, daycares, and child care classes 2.Florence Kelley reformer who worked to prohibit child labor and to improve conditions for female workers 3.Mary Baker Eddy founder of Christian Science in 1866 (1821-1910) 4.Walter Rauschenbusch New York clergyman who preached the social gospel, worked to alleviate poverty, and worked to make peace between employers and labor unions. 5.Dwight Lyman Moody Protestant evangelist, Gospel of kindness and forgiveness, created the Moody Bible Institute 6.Emma Lazarus Wrote the poem on the base of the Statue of Liberty "The New Colossus" 7.Louis Agassiz United States naturalist (born in Switzerland) who studied fossil fish 8.James Gibbons leader of the Church in the U.S. who most forcefully took on the causes of workers 9.Booker T. Washington African American progressive who supported segregation and demanded that African American better themselves individually to achieve equality. 10.W. E. B. Du Bois fought for African American rights. Helped to found Niagara Movement in 1905 to fight for and establish equal rights. This movement later led to the establishment of the NAACP 11.George Washington Carver United States botanist and agricultural chemist who developed many uses for peanuts and soy beans and sweet potatoes (1864-1943) 12.Charles W. Eliot President of Harvard in 1896. Reduced the number of required courses and introduced electives to accommodate the teaching of modern languages and sciences. 13.Edwin L. Godkin This man published the New York Nation, which championed various forms of civil service reform 14.William James United States pragmatic philosopher and psychologist (1842-1910) 15.William Randolph Hearst United States newspaper publisher whose introduction of large headlines and sensational reporting changed American journalism (1863-1951) 16.Joseph Pulitzer United States newspaper publisher (born in Hungary) who established the Pulitzer prizes (1847-1911) 17.Edward Bellamy In 1888, he wrote Looking Backward, 2000-1887, a description of a utopian society in the year 2000. 18.Henry George He wrote Progress and Poverty in 1879, which made him famous as an opponent of the evils of modern capitalism. 19.Lewis Wallace Ben Hur: A tale of Christ (counter to Darwinists) 20.Horatio Alger United States author of inspirational adventure stories for boys 21.Mark Twain United States writer and humorist best known for his novels about Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn (1835-1910) 22.William Dean Howells United States writer and editor (1837-1920) 23.Stephen Crane wrote Red Badge of Courage; American novelist, short story writer, poet, journalist, raised in NY and NJ; style and technique: naturalism, realism, impressionism; themes: ideals v. realities, spiritual crisis, fears 24.Henry James writer who was born in the United States but lived in England (1843-1916) 25.Charlotte Perkins Gilman A major feminist prophet during the late 19th and early 20th century. She published "Women and Economics" which called on women to abandon their dependent status and contribute more to the community through the economy. She created centralized nurseries and kitchens to help get women into the work force. 26.Carrie Chapman Catt Spoke powerfully in favor of suffrage, worked as a school principal and a reporter ., became head of the National American Woman Suffrage, an inspired speaker and brilliant organizer. Devised a detailed battle plan for fighting the war of suffrage. 27.Ida B. Wells the lynching of blacks outraged her, an African American journalist. in her newspaper, free speech, wells urged African Americans to protest the lynching's. she called for a boycott of segregated street cars and white owned stores. she spoke out despite threats to her life. 28.Anthony Comstock United States reformer who led moral crusades...
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