Key Signature and Beethoven

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Title: Life and Works of Ludwig van Beethoven and His Achievements Thesis Statement: Beethoven is one of the greatest composer in the history of music. He played a big role in the world of music. He was the one who initiated among his co-composers the freedom to express themselves. Some of his masterpieces were Eroica Pastorale, Fideleo and the religious composition entitled Missa Solemnis.

I. Introduction
II. The Man and His Music
A. Historical background
1. Early years
a. Beethoven born in Bonn
b. Studied under Christian Gottlob Neefe (1748-98)
c. 1787: brief visit to Vienna, may have played for Mozart
d. 1790: Haydn hears Beethoven's music and urges the archbishop
of Cologne to send him to Vienna
2. Studies with a number of composers
a. 1792-94: studied with Haydn
b. 1794: Johann Schenk (1753-1836): composer of Singspiels
c. 1794: Johann Georg Albrechtsberger: teaches Beethoven
counterpoint
d. Antonio Salieri (1750-1825): teaches vocal composition

3. Compositional overview
a. 9 symphonies
b. 11 overtures
c. Incidental music to plays
d. 1 violin concerto
e. 5 piano concertos
f. 16 string quartets
g. 9 piano trios
h. 10 vioin sonatas
i. 5 cello sonatas
j. 30 large piano sonatas
k. Numerous piano variations
l. 1 oratorio
m. 1 opera
n. 2 Masses (including the Missa Solemnis in D)
o. Arias, songs and 1 song cycle
III. The 'Three Periods' and Beethoven Historiography
A. Early Period
1. Beethoven's early period in Vienna
2. Important works from the period
a. Six String Quartets, Op.18/1-6
b. The first 10 piano sonatas (through Op.14)
c. Symphonies 1 & 2

B. Middle Period
1. Beethoven's 'Heroic' period
2. Important works
a. Symphonies 3-8
b. Egmont
c. Coriolan overture
d. Fidelio
e. Piano concertos in G and Eb
f. Violin concerto
g. String quartets
h. Piano sonatas through Op.90
C. Late Period
1. Reflective and introspective style
2. Important works
a. Last 5 piano sonatas
b. Diabelli Variations
IV. Conclusion

Acknowledgement

This research is the result of time and effort of many people in helping me for the various aspects needed in contributing knowledge to the completion of this study. I would like to have a whole hearted thanks to the following persons who helped me to finish my...
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