The World Health Organization (WHO) states; ‘Public health refers to all organized measures (whether public or private) to prevent disease, promote health, and prolong life among the population as a whole’ (World Health Organisation, 2014) Public health is about helping every individual to stay healthy, and to try and protect people from threats to their health. GOV.uk states that; ‘The government wants everyone to be able to make healthier choices, regardless of their circumstances, and to minimise the risk and impact of illness.’ (GOV.UK, 2014) The UK’s faculty of Public health has a certain approach to public health which includes, making sure that is population based, emphasises collective responsibility for health, its protection and disease prevention, recognises the key role of the state, linked to a concern for the underlying socio-economic and wider determinants of health, as well as disease and emphasises partnerships with all those who contribute to the health of the population. (The UK's Faculty of Public Health, 2014)
There are key roles within public health practice which involve organisations such as The World Health Organisation and the government.
One key role is monitoring the health status of the population. This is a key role in public health which involves monitoring changes in the health of the whole population, and also making sure people are being alerted about any potential problems that may occur. An example of this is the increasing number of people developing asthma within the population. For asthma this key role can include organisations such as The World Health Organisation (WHO), who play a role in coordinating international efforts against the disease. WHO have put in a strategy with an aim reduce the disability and premature death related to asthma. This includes things such as; surveillance to map the magnitude of asthma, analyse its determinants and monitor trends, with emphasis on poor and disadvantaged populations,...
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