Kemalism vs Turkey's Accession Into Eu

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Centre International de Formation Européenne

Institut Européen des Hautes Etudes Internationales

Master (M.A) in Advanced European and International Studies

Anglophone branch

Role of Kemalism in Turkey’s EU Accession Process

Author: Emre Demir

Academic year: 2009-2010

Supervisor: Prof. Matthias Waechter

ABSTRACT
KEMALISM AND TURKEY’S EU ACCESSION PROCESS

The extended period for the European Accession talks came to a pivotal point on October 3rd 2005, when Turkey began dialogue with the European Union towards this issue. These dialogues showed the level of improvement Turkey made in terms of democratizing the government according to the European conditions set from December 17th 2004, in accordance with the Copenhagen criteria. The increase of democratization efforts also presented issues related to the future of Kemalism which has been deeply affected by these criteria. These criteria along with the propositions that these issues prevent Turkey from entry into the EU resulted in the heavy scrutiny of Kemalism. This study’s objective is to address the issues of Kemalism as it related to the EU’s criteria for membership and the reasons and methods for the EU’s objection to the fundamentals of this ideology.

Keywords: Turkey, European Union, Kemalism

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT.............................................................................................................2 TABLE OF CONTENTS.........................................................................................3 INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................5 CHAPTER I: EU CRITERIA AND KEMALISM…………................................10 1.1 Turkey-EU Relations.......................................................................................10 1.2 The Conflicting Points between the EU and Kemalism...................................11 CHAPTER II: KEMALISM..................................................................................17 2.1 Ataturk’s Leadership........................................................................................17 2.1.1 Ataturk’s Aims for the Long Term ..............................................................17 2.1.2 Ataturk’s Principles......................................................................................18 2.1.2.1 Republicanism............................................................................................18 2.1.2.2 Nationalism................................................................................................19 2.1.2.3 Populism.....................................................................................................20 2.1.2.4 Etatism........................................................................................................21 2.1.2.5 Laicism.......................................................................................................22 2.1.2.6 Reformism..................................................................................................23 2.1.3 The Concept of Kemalism………………....................................................24 CHAPTER III:THE PROBLEMATIC ISSUES OF TURKEY AND THEIR ORIGINS…………………………………………………………………………28 3.1 Kurdish Question.............................................................................................28 3.1.1 Origins…………….......................................................................................28 3.1.2 Period of Post – Military Coup of 1980………............................................35

3.2 The Alevi Question..........................................................................................36

3.2.1 Origins ..........................................................................................................36

3.2.2 Period of Post – Military Coup of 1980……………………………………38

3.3...
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