15 December 2005
The Kellogg's company was born in 1894 when the brothers Kellogg accidentally discovered cereal flakes while experimenting with food production techniques. The company was officially launched in 1902. At this time the company's only product was Corn Flakes. William Kellogg instilled values of innovative marketing, quality products, and information about healthy diets in the company. Kellogg's was the first company to include nutrition messages, recipes, and product information on cereal boxes. In 1906, William Kellogg decided to launch the company's first ad campaign, a full-page ad in Ladies Home Journal. Sales rose from 33 to 2900 cases per day.
The company's first exploits abroad started in 1924, when Kellogg's began to sell Corn Flakes and All-Bran in Great Britain. Rice Krispies appeared just a few years later, and Frosties began to be sold in 1954. In 1978, Kellogg's began its expansion in the UK by building a factory at Wrexham. It was considered as one of the world's most modern food production factories. Kellogg's also expanded its reach by starting information programs for schools, health organizations, and consumers. From the UK, Kellogg's expanded all over the world. It currently produces more than 40 cereals in 19 different countries on six different continents. Corn Flakes has grown to become a cereal standard, found in all countries where Kellogg's is present. Its simple, neutral taste appeals to all palettes and it is easily customizable.
Kellogg's has always been an innovator concerning advertising and marketing. Its main advertising objectives are to provide product information while at the same time being socially responsible, as iterated in their philosophy: "Kellogg is committed to providing wholesome, quality spot advertising that is truthful and not misleading to consumers and to placing its commercials with quality television programming. In keeping with this commitment, Kellogg believes it has a responsibility to produce advertising, and to place those ads in programs that communicate the standards of good taste and fair practice that guide all of our corporate actions." Kellogg's also takes great pride in its marketing department, which contains seven sub-departments: product management, new product development, consumer affairs, promotion marketing, nutrition affairs, and product communications/PR. Perhaps the most important aspect of the Kellogg's marketing philosophy is their mantra "Think global, act local."
We used Kellogg's as our standard when researching cereal-eating habits around the world. We created an online survey using Zoomerang.com that surveyed consumers on whether they ate cereal, when they ate cereal, their taste preferences, their purchasing influences and so on and so forth. We sent the survey to 20 respondents for each of four regions: the United States, the U.K./Ireland, Germany/Austria, and France. We then analyzed the results and compared them to the Kellogg's product line and advertising and marketing techniques in the respective countries and finally, compared them to each other.
A) Results of the Survey:
Cereal is a very popular food among Americans. Nearly all of the Americans surveyed eat cereal for one reason or another. Those who do not eat cereal choose not to do so for various reasons, among them being blandness, lack of protein, lack of substance, and disliking the taste or texture of cereal. One respondent seemed to be very concerned about his cereal becoming soggy. Instead of cereal, these respondents choose to eat such things as fruit, eggs, bacon, and pancakes.
Among those polled who do eat cereal (most of them), tastes were widely varied. Most of them had been eating cereal all their lives, or at least since they were small children and thus for as long as they could remember. The average respondent who eats cereal eats it between 3 and 5...