Keeping Children Safe

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Unit 4 Assignment
Keeping children safe

E1Identify legislation which influences healthy, safe and secure environments for early years settings And
D1Explain how the 5 pieces of legislation in E1 establish and maintain healthy, safe and secure environments

Five main laws that underpin the provision of health, safe and secure environments for young children are: Health and Safety At Work Act 1974
Under the act 1974, both employers and employees have duties. Employers must produce a written policy explaining how they will ensure the health, safety and welfare of all people who use the premises. Employees must cooperate with these arrangements and take reasonable care of themselves and others. Employers have a duty to display a health and safety law poster. Control of Substances Hazardous To Health Regulations (COSSH) 1994 Early years setting’s regularly uses cleaning products that could potentially be hazardous. Cleaning maybe required after toileting or paint spillages or any other accident. The following guidelines should be followed to minimise risk of injury: Employers should give training on control measures and how to use them, provide protective clothing and equipment along with emergency procedures. COSHH requires employers to continually assess the risks from chemicals and decide what control is needed. They also need to ensure all staff use the control methods, that they work properly, inform workers about risks and provide adequate training.

Unit 4 Assignment
Keeping children safe

E1Identify legislation which influences healthy, safe and secure environments for early years settings And
D1Explain how the 5 pieces of legislation in E1 establish and maintain healthy, safe and secure environments

Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981
Every setting should ensure that there is at least one person who holds a first aid qualification and is therefore the appointed first aider. In childcare settings at least one person should be trained in paediatric first aid. All staff should be aware of where the first aid boxes are, who the first aider’s are. First aider’s should know how to record documents for accidents and injuries at the setting. Food Handling Regulations 1997

Food safety is a priority when working with children. Anyone preparing food needs to ensure that they comply with the food handling regulations, and holds an up to date food hygiene certificate. Staff in any setting should be aware of expected practise and follow these expectations when handling any food. This includes washing hands, food handling and storage. Childcare Act 2006 – Statutory framework for the early years foundation stage (EYFS) Up untill September 2008 the office for standards in education (OFSTED) is responsible for registering nurseries, playgroups, childminders, crèches, afterschool club, play schemes and make sure that all setting meet these standards. From September 2008, the standards became part of the statutory framework of the early year’s foundation stage for England. Other countries in the UK are also reviewing early year’s provision and requirements such as the foundation phase in Wales. The framework covers five outcomes for children with safety aspects covering the staying safe outcome.

Unit 4 Assignment
Keeping children safe
E2Describe the procedures which will keep a child safe for each accident, illness or emergency

These are the procedures you need to take to keep the child safe for Sickness and Diarrhoea, Asthma Attack, Head Injuries. Sickness and Diarrhoea – Inform parents and ask them to collect their child to limit spread of infections. Observe child and offer frequent small amounts of fluid and encourage the child to rest. Any vomit or diarrhoea is to be cleaned up as health and safety regulations. Asthma Attack – Ensure reliever medicine is taken promptly and properly. Sit child upright to increase lung capacity. Encourage the child to break slowly and...
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