Kbsr and Kbsm

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The introduction of the Integrated curiculum (KBSR and KBSM) is the major milestone to ensure the success of the national education policy in enhancing student academic standing to face the era of globalization. Discuss.

The incisiveness of a school is closely related to the potency of teachers. The definition of teacher effectiveness and approach also differs according to individual’s clarifications. The focus is on teachers' personality characteristics, behavior, attitudes, values, abilities and personal characteristics of others, while some other researchers focus on the teaching strategy, such as, teaching methods and student teacher interactions in and outside of the class. Moral and values education has always been acknowledged in the Malaysian school curriculum system. Back to the time of the British colonial government, when missionary work was one of the reasons for providing education for the people in Malaysia. More excitation is given to values education in the present curriculum. Influenced and following the English school tradition then, the National School System included Islamic Religious Education, which then known as Pendidikan Islam (Religion) in the curriculum for the Muslim pupils and as for the non-Muslim students, some form of moral education was given in place of Pendidikan Islam. The Kurikulum Baru Sekolah Rendah (KBSR), or the New Primary School Curriculum, and the Kurikulum Bersepadu Sekolah Menengah (KBSM), or the Integrated Secondary School Curriculum, which have completed their first cycle recently, emphasize the teaching of values in order to enhance quality individual development and student academic standing to face the era of globalization, which also creating Malaysian citizens of the future, through a good effective education. According to The Cabinet Committee Report (1979), it is in essence in line with what is later declared by the Prime Minister (on that period) as Vision 2020 .Even though the Cabinet Committee Report did not delineate a new education policy, the emphasis shifted towards forming a truly Malaysian society of the future. It emphasizes at all levels of schooling, a holistic of intellectual, spiritual, physical and emotional approach to quality human development to ensure development from all domains which are cognitive, affective, and psychomotor. By looking back the National Educational Philosophy; Education in Malaysia is an ongoing effort towards further development of the potential of individuals in a holistic and integrated manner, which means as to produce individuals who are intellectually, spiritually, emotionally and physically balanced and harmonious based on a firm belief in God. Such an effort is destined to produce Malaysian citizens who are knowledgeable, with high moral standards, and who are responsible and capable of achieving a high level of personal well being as well as able to contribute to the harmony and betterment of the nation at large. In order to evolve the education in Malaysia, the KBSR and KBSM take on a whole new steps and approaches. Some of them are specific teaching strategies, which are child centered, characterized with student participation, are incorporated into the teaching learning activities, combined and joined with a holistic approach to human development. This is the impact of the current movement

The New Primary School Curriculum (KBSR) is a back to basics movement, objectively aimed at reducing the previously heavily content-oriented curriculum, to concentrate on the 3R (Reading, Writing and Arithmetic). The KBSR adopts a double-pronged approach to full fill the educational requirements of the Malaysian school-going child which is to raise the literacy level of the pupil, and the other is to develop students cognitive and thinking skills. By this means, it hopes to provide the students with an all-rounded individual development which will help to operate efficiently within the social structure of...
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