Kaziranga National Park

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KAZIRANGA NATIONAL PARK

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CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION…… 1

CASE STUDY:

MANAGEMENT…………3

THE PROBLEMS………….4

CONSERVATION/
CONCLUSION……………9

METHODOLOGY/
BIBLIOGRAPHY…………11

INTRODUCTION

Kaziranga is meant to be a title of an unforgettable success story of conservation of the One Horned India Rhinoceros and other wild lives in the North East India. It is not only the homeland of the Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros, but also gives shelter to a variety of wild animals. It is one of the significant natural habitats for in situ conservation of biological biodiversity of universal value. The values and criteria made Kaziranga National Park to get inscribed in the World Heritage Site List 1985. The Kaziranga National Park area consists of 429.93 Sq.Km. with an additional area of 429.40 Sq.Km. and situated in the two districts of Assam, namely Golaghat and Nagaon. The total area of the park within Nagaon district is 175 Sq.Km., out of which 135 Sq.Km. falls under Bagori Forest Range office and 40 Sq.Km. falls within Ghorakati Forest Range office. A few centuries ago, the Indian one horned Rhinocerous ranged across the north Indian plains in the wetlands of the rivers Indus, Ganga, and Brahmaputra. Today this survivor from the prehistoric times is found only in parts in the north eastern state of Assam and in Nepal. In Assam, their Rhino habitat is limited to just two

National parks - Kaziranga and Manas. Kaziranga is a vast expanse of tall elephant grass, marshland, and dense tropical moist broadleaf forests, crisscrossed by four major rivers, including the Brahmaputra, and the park includes numerous small bodies of water. Kaziranga has been the theme of several books, songs, and documentaries. The park celebrated its centennial in 2005 after its establishment in 1905 as a reserve forest.

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MANAGEMENT

The Wildlife wing of the forest department of the Government of Assam, headquartered at Bokakhat, is responsible for the administration and management of Kaziranga. The administrative head of the park is the director, who is a conservator-level officer. A divisional forest officer is the administrative chief executive of the park. He is assisted by two officers with the rank of assistant conservator of forests. The park area is divided into four ranges, overseen by range forest officers. The four ranges are the Burapahar, Baguri, Central, and Eastern. They are headquartered at Ghorakati, Baguri, Kohora, and Agoratoli, respectively. Each range is further sub-divided into beats, headed by a forester, and sub-beats, headed by a forest guard. The park receives financial aid from the State Government as well as the Ministry of Environment and Forests of Government of India under various Plan and Non-Plan Budgets. Additional funding is received under the Project Elephant from the Central Government. In 1997–1998, a grant of US$ 100,000 was received under the Technical Co-operation for Security Reinforcement scheme from the World Heritage Fund. Additional funding is also received from national & international Non-governmental organizations. THE PROBLEM

www.wildlifeextra.com - 4th of February 2010
Poachers kill Indian Rhino at Kaziranga National Park, Assam Media Summary
Kaziranga National Park is known worldwide for the largest concentration of one horned rhinos in the world but the biggest threat to the rhino conservation has been poaching with more than 400 rhinos Kaziranga National Park, which houses two thirds of the world’s one –horned rhino population is under is under tremendous threat from poachers with the increased demand of rhino horns in the international markets for its supposed medicinal properties and in order to control the government has decided to create Assam Forest protection Force exclusively to be deployed in the 430 Sq.km national park and also to take up with the user countries to take action against its illegal use. Pranab Kumar Das...
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